Pursuant to the Law on Procedures for the Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights (Law No. 8039), the Directors of the National Register of Copyright and Neighbouring Rights and the Industrial Property Register respectively are empowered to order the adoption of preventive measures on the same terms as those described above (see the replies to questions 10 to 13). As is the case for judicial proceedings, Law No. 8039 allows the competent administrative bodies only a short time in which to examine and impose preventive measures. Nevertheless, as this is relatively new legislation, there have been no cases so far and there are no data which allow the actual duration to be determined. Moreover, the Administrative Registration Court has not yet been set up because transitional provision II of Law No. 8039 gives the Executive one year (as of 27 October 2000) in which to establish and initiate the functioning of the Court. Professional fees in cases of preventive measures coming before the competent administrative authority will be calculated on the basis of a table of fees and may be around US$1,000. There are no official figures concerning the amount of procedural costs, although it is estimated that these may range from US$50 to US$150.
[Answer 10: Preventive measures are adopted taking into account the interests of third parties and the principle of proportionality. Article 37 of Law No. 8039 on Enforcement Procedures refers to the provisions of the Code of Civil Procedure, although measures that may be requested include, inter alia, cessation of the acts constituting infringement, an embargo, suspension of the circulation of the goods, and furnishing of security. Other provisional measures that may be applied and are included in Articles 245 et seq of the Code of Civil Procedure include confession, presentation of documents or movable assets, judicial recognition, expert evidence and testimony and a summons to the opposing party.]
[Answer 11: The second paragraph of Article 6 of the Law on Enforcement Procedures (Law No. 8039) provides that "in cases where hearing the parties might nullify the effects of the measure, the judicial authority, the Register of Copyright and Neighbouring Rights or the Industrial Property Register shall decide upon the need for the preventive measure requested within 48 hours of the request". Notwithstanding the preceding paragraph, if a preventive measure is imposed without giving the other party a hearing, the authority which ordered the measure shall notify the party affected within three working days of its imposition. The party affected may appeal against the measure imposed.]
[Answer 12: Articles 242 et seq of the Code of Civil Procedure provide that preventive proceedings may begin before or during the principal proceedings, of which they form part. Within 48 hours of the submission of a request for a preventive measure, the judicial authorities shall grant the parties a hearing so that, within three working days, they can express their opinion on the request. Whether or not there is an objection, after the expiry of this period, within three days the competent court shall take a decision on whether or not to impose a preventive measure. The decision taken by the judicial authority must be carried out immediately. An appeal does not suspend the effects of imposing the measure. Where a judge has a justified fear that one of the parties, prior to the judgement, may cause serious injury to the right holder which it would be difficult to remedy, he may decide on the preventive measures he deems necessary. In order to prevent the injury, the judge may authorize or prohibit the carrying out of certain acts, order the deposit of assets or impose the furnishing of security. A party must submit its petition within one month of the date on which the preventive measure was imposed when it has been granted in the course of the preparatory proceedings. The preventive measure shall cease to have effect if the party does not present a petition within one month or if, without justification, the measure is not imposed within the same period. After the measure ceases to have effect, the party may not present a further petition unless there are new grounds. In order to protect the legitimate interests of the defendant, Article 8 of the Law on Procedures for the Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights (Law No. 8039) provides that where a preventive measure has been adopted but no petition is subsequently presented within the prescribed period or where it is determined that no intellectual property right has been infringed, the preventive measure shall be deemed to have been annulled and the party which requested it shall be liable for the injury caused, which shall be compensated in accordance with the procedure established for executing the ruling.]
[Answer 13: Article 6 of Law No. 8039 lays down a procedure for examining and approving requests for preventive measures which fixes very short time-limits. As this is relatively new legislation, there is no information regarding its duration in practice. The cost of imposing a provisional measure in civil proceedings can be grouped under two headings: procedural costs and personal costs. The major procedural cost for imposing preventive measures is the security or guarantee which the person requesting the measure must deposit in order to protect the alleged infringer against any abuse. The amount of the security is at the judge's discretion and is determined taking into account the nature of the measure. In the case of an embargo on money or assets, the security will consist of a percentage of its value (around 25 per cent). If the furnishing or presentation of prior evidence is required for the imposition of such a measure, for example, expert opinion or preventive recognition, the cost of the evidence has to be met and this may range from US$100 to US$300. As regards attorneys' fees, if the preventive measure is requested prior to presenting the principal case, the fees will be determined as a percentage. If it is requested during the course of the principal proceedings, the fee is usually calculated on the basis of the numbers of hours of work.]