Under s.132(1) of the Trade Marks Act and s.135(2) of the Copyright Act, the competent authority is the Comptroller (or Chief Executive Officer) of Customs who administers the Customs Act 1901. To initiate the seizure of copies or counterfeited goods the copyright owner, exclusive licensee or the trademark owner, or authorised user (the objector), must provide a written notice of objection to importation to the Comptroller of Customs together with any prescribed documents. Anotice remains in force for two years from the day on which the notice is given. The Comptroller may not seize copies or goods unless the copyright owner, exclusive licensee or the trademark owner or authorised user provides a security to cover the expense that may be incurred by the Commonwealth. Under the Trade Marks Act, the Comptroller may seize infringing goods which are manufactured outside Australia and imported into Australia and which are subject to the control of the Customs under the Customs Act 1901. Similarly, under the Copyright Act, the Comptroller-General may seize copies if a written notice of objection has been given to the Comptroller, and if the copies are imported into Australia for trade or some other purpose which will prejudicially affect the owner of copyright. If goods have a trademark that, in the opinion of the Comptroller, is identical with, or deceptively similar to, a notified trademark; and are goods in a class for which the trademark is registered; the Comptroller must seize the goods unless satisfied that there are no reasonable grounds for believing that infringement has occurred. Once goods or copies have been seized, the Comptroller must give written notice to the objector and the importer or owner of the seized copies or goods which identifies the copies or goods and states that they have been seized. Under the Trade Marks and Copyright Acts, the notice must also state that the goods or copies will be released to the designated owner or importer unless the objector brings an action for infringement, and gives to the Comptroller notice in writing of the action, within ten working days after the notice or, if the Comptroller extends that period, within the extended period. Under s.143(1) of the Trade Marks Act, if goods are seized and the Comptroller is satisfied that the use of a trademark is fraudulent, the Comptroller may ask the importer of the goods, or an agent of the importer, to produce any document relating to the goods; and give information about the name and address of the person by whom the goods were consigned to Australia; and the name and address of the person in Australia to whomthe goods were consigned. Failure to comply with the request is an offence punishable, on conviction, by imprisonment for a period not exceeding six months. If an infringement action has not been started within the required time the Comptroller must release the seized copies or goods to their importer or designated owner. Under the Trade Marks Act, the Comptroller may release the seized goods to their designated owner at any time before the end of the action period if new information has come to hand after the goods were seized which demonstrates that there are no reasonable grounds for believing that the notified trademark was infringed and no action for infringement has been brought by the trademark owner. Under the Copyright Act, the Comptroller may permit the objector or importer to inspect and remove a sample of the seized copies. In deciding the infringement case, the court may order that the seized copies or goods be released to their importer or designated owner subject to conditions (if any) that the court considers fit to impose; or it may order that the seized goods be forfeited to the Commonwealth. Under the Copyright and Trade Marks Acts, if the court decides that there was no infringement and the designated owner, or defendant to the infringement action, suffers loss or damage, the objector may be ordered to pay compensation.