On compensation of costs of procedure, the court decides in accordance with the provisions of the Criminal Procedure Code. In terms of the costs of representation, rewards and compensation of expenses for attorneys are determined by Advocates tariff. The compensation is determined depending on the type of procedure in which attorney acts and types of services that provides. Criminal Procedure Code (Official Gazette of Montenegro, No. 57/09 and 49/10) Right to a Prompt Trial Article 15 (1) The accused persons shall have the right to be brought before the court in the shortest possible time and to a prompt trial. (2) The court shall be obliged to conduct the proceedings without delays and to prevent all abuses of rights that are vested in participants in the proceedings. (3) The duration of detention and other forms of restrictions of freedom shall be reduced to the shortest necessary time. Types of costs Article 226 (1) Costs of criminal proceedings are expenses incurred for the criminal proceedings, from its institution to its completion, and the costs of the evidence gathering process preceding an investigation. (2) Costs of criminal proceedings shall include the following: 1) costs of witnesses, expert witnesses, interpreters and specialists, and the costs of a crime scene investigation, reconstruction, exhumation, and costs of stenograph and typewriting and technical recording, and copies of records; 2) transport costs of the defendant; 3) expenses incurred when bringing a suspect, defendant, witness, and expert witness; 4) travel expenses of persons acting in an official capacity; 5) costs of medical treatment of a defendant while in detention as well as the costs of childbirth, except for the expenses which are charged from the health insurance funds; 6) costs of technical examination of a vehicle, blood analysis, DNA analysis, urine analysis, or other medical analysis, as well as the costs of the transportation of a corpse to the place of autopsy, 7) fees and necessary expenses of a defence attorney, necessary expenses of a private prosecutor and subsidiary prosecutor and their legal representatives, as well as fees and necessary expenses of their proxies; 8) necessary expenses of the injured party and the legal representative thereof, as well as fees and necessary expenses of his/her proxy; 9) an approximate sum for the expenses not included in the previous items. (3) An approximate sum shall be determined according to the duration and complexity of the proceedings and the financial situation of the person required to pay the sum. (4) The costs referred to in paragraph 2, items 1 through 6 of this Article, as well as necessary expenses of the appointed defence attorney and appointed proxy of the subsidiary prosecutor from Article 64 paragraph 3, Article 69 paragraph 6 and Article 70 of the present Code, in the proceedings for criminal offences which are prosecuted by virtue of office shall be paid from the funds of the authority conducting the criminal proceedings upon submitting a request for reimbursement of costs. These costs shall be later paid by the persons required to compensate them pursuant to the provisions of the present Code. The authority conducting the criminal proceedings shall enter all the costs paid in advance in a list which shall be enclosed in the file. (5) Where no criminal proceedings are eventually instituted, the costs arising from the evidentiary actions shall be borne by the authority under the order of which such actions were performed. (6) The costs of translation/interpretation, incurred pursuant to the provisions of the present Code referring to the right of the parties to a case, witnesses and other participants in the proceedings to use their mother tongue, shall not be charged from the persons who, according to the provisions of the present Code, are due to compensate the costs of the criminal proceedings. Decision on Costs Article 227 (1) The judgment and the ruling by which criminal proceedings are discontinued or the indictment is dismissed, shall contain a decision on the person to bear the costs of proceedings and to which amount. (2) If the data on the amount of costs is lacking, the State Prosecutor or Chair of the Panel shall issue a separate ruling on the amount of those costs when such data are obtained. The data on the amount of costs that are lacking and a request for their compensation may be submitted not later than 15 days from the day of receipt of the final judgment or ruling referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article. (3) When a decision on the costs of the criminal proceedings referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article is made in a separate ruling, the Panel from Article 24 paragraph 7 of the present Code shall decide on the appeal against such ruling. (4) When criminal proceedings are not initiated or it is discontinued in the investigation phase, the issue of expenses shall be resolved by a State Prosecutor. If the State Prosecutor does not accept the request for the remuneration of expenses or does not render a decision thereon within two months as of the day the request was submitted, the suspect, the accused person and the defence attorney may request the investigative judge to decide on the expenses. Hidden Costs Article 228 (1) The defendant, injured party, subsidiary prosecutor, private prosecutor, defence attorney, legal representative, proxy, witness, expert witness, interpreter, and specialist from Article 282 paragraph 8 of the present Code, regardless of the outcome of the criminal proceedings, shall bear expenses for bringing them before the court, postponing the evidence gathering process' action or main hearing , and other costs of the proceedings incurred by their own fault, as well as a proportional amount of the approximate sum. (2) A separate ruling shall be issued on the costs referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article, unless the issue of the costs borne by a private prosecutor and defendant is to be resolved within the decision on the merits of the case. (3) The Panel from Article 24 paragraph 7 of the present Code shall decide on an appeal against the separate ruling referred to in paragraph 2 of this Article. Costs of the Proceedings When a Defendant is Found Guilty Article 229 (1) When court finds a defendant guilty, it shall pronounce in the judgment that the defendant shall cover the costs of the criminal proceedings which have been paid in advance from the funds referred to in Article 226 paragraph 4 of the present Code, as well as the costs of a private prosecutor, subsidiary prosecutor and their legal representatives, and fees and necessary expenses of their proxies. (2) A person charged with several criminal offences shall not be sentenced to bear the costs with respect to the offences for which he was acquitted if such costs may be separated from the overall costs. (3) In a judgment finding several defendants guilty, the court shall determine a proportion of the costs to be borne by each defendant, and, if this is not possible, the court shall order that all the defendants be jointly liable for the costs. The payment of the approximate sum shall be determined separately for each defendant. (4) In a decision on costs, court may acquit the defendant from bearing the overall or partial costs of the criminal proceedings referred to in Article 226 paragraph 2 items 1 through 6 and item 9 of the present Code where the payment of these costs could destitute the defendant or his/her dependant. If such circumstances become evident after the decision on costs has been rendered, the Chair of the Panel may, in a separate ruling, release the defendant of the duty to reimburse the costs of the criminal proceedings. Costs of the Proceedings in Discontinuation of Proceedings, Judgment of Acquittal or of Rejecting the Charges Article 230 (1) When criminal proceedings are discontinued or a judgment of acquittal or rejecting the charges is rendered, the court shall pronounce in its decision on the discontinuation of proceedings or in the judgment that the costs of criminal proceedings referred to in Article 226 paragraph 2, items 1 through 6 of the present Code, as well as the necessary expenses of the defendant and the necessary expenses of the accused party and the necessary expenses and fee of the defence attorney, shall be paid from a separate budget allotment for the work of courts, save in the cases referred to in paras. 2 and 3 of this Article. (2) A person found guilty of false reporting offence shall reimburse the costs of the criminal proceedings that s/he prompted by the false reporting. (3) A private prosecutor shall reimburse the costs of the criminal proceedings referred to in Article 226 paragraph 2 items 1 through 6 and item 8 of the present Code, the necessary expenses of the defendant and the necessary expenses and fees of his defence attorney if the proceedings are terminated by a judgment of acquittal or a judgment of rejecting the charges or a ruling discontinuing the proceedings, unless the proceedings are discontinued or if the judgment rejecting the charges is rendered because of the death of the defendant or statutory limitations in place due to prolongation of the case that may not be attributed to the private prosecutor. If the proceedings are discontinued because the Prosecutor withdraws the charges, the defendant and private prosecutor may settle their mutual claims. If there is more than one private prosecutor, all of them shall be jointly liable for costs. (4) When a court rejects charges on the grounds that the court is not competent in a case, the decision on costs shall be made by the competent court. (5) The amount of necessary expenses of the accused person and necessary expenses and fee of the defence attorney shall be decided by the President of the Panel by way of a special ruling. An appeal against that ruling shall be decided by the Panel referred to in Article 24, paragraph 7 of the present Code. (6) The request for reimbursement of expenses referred to in paragraph 5 of this Article shall be submitted within fifteen days as of the day of receipt of a final decision referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article. Fees and Necessary Expenses of Defence Attorney Article 231 (1) Fees and necessary expenses of a defence attorney and proxy to a private prosecutor or injured party shall be borne by the person whom they have represented regardless of who, according to the court decision, shall bear the costs of the criminal proceedings unless, pursuant to the provisions of the present Code, the fees and necessary expenses of the defence attorney shall be paid from the separate budget allotment for the work of courts. If court has appointed a defence attorney to the accused person, and the payment of fees and necessary expenses would impose a risk for the sustenance of the accused person or the sustenance of persons s/he is obliged to support, the fees and necessary expenses of the defence attorney shall be paid from the separate budget allotment for the work of courts. This shall also apply when a proxy to the subsidiary prosecutor has been appointed by court. (2) A proxy who is not a member of the Bar or attorney in training shall not be entitled to a fee but only to the reimbursement of necessary expenses. Information on the actual duration of proceedings and their cost are not available, because there is no official record in Montenegro on these issues.