348. The European Union attaches great importance to this issue and is a major contributor as reflected in our quite detailed and substantial report. Today, I would like to refer in detail to some of these projects that are very important in areas like climate change, treatment of water, and treatment of some diseases. One of them, EartH2Observe, is a project that will support efficient and globally consistent water management and decision-making by providing comprehensive multi-scale water resource observations at a local, regional, continental and global level. LDC Members that are recipients of this project are Bangladesh and Ethiopia and the EU contribution is in the range of €9million. The technology that is transferred with this project includes processed satellite images and in situ data containing information on all components of the water cycle, which are freely downloadable. There are also applications of local and global hydrological models. These are also transferred for free.
349. But we have also projects with countries like India, where we have launched a pilot initiative on water-related challenges. Just to give you two examples of projects in this area: firstly, the ECO India project, aims to develop innovative, cost-effective and sustainable approaches for producing portable water and treating waste water at the community level, focussing in particular on oceanic water-stressed regions in India. This project consortium represents a world class interdisciplinary research team from several institutes and SMEs in Europe, India and Israel.
350. The Nawaech project seeks to develop natural water systems and treatment technologies to cope with water shortages in urbanized areas in India. It aims to explore, assess and enhance the potential of natural and technical water treatment systems to improve their performance and reliability to cope with water shortages.
351. Another project called "Preface" is about enhancing the prediction of tropical Atlantic climate and its impacts. Again it is a project with a budget of approximately €9million and the beneficiary countries are Angola, Namibia, South Africa, Cap Verde, Morocco, Senegal, Benin, Ivory Coast and Nigeria. This project seeks to assist our African countries which are bordering the Atlantic and who strongly depend on their ocean and may be affected by tropical Atlantic climate in general. Its goals are to reduce uncertainties in our knowledge of the functioning of tropical Atlantic climate, to improve climate prediction and the quantification of climate change impacts in the region, to improve the understanding of the cumulative effects of the multiple stresses of climate variability, greenhouse-induced climate change and fisheries on marine ecosystems and ecosystems services. In addition, it seeks to assess the social-economic vulnerabilities and evaluate the resilience of Atlantic African fishing communities to climate-driven ecosystem shifts and global markets. In order to meet these goals the project brings together European and African expertise. The target regions include areas more affected by climate change and by its consequences. This project has very practical results that involve considerable technical knowledge, IP-protected items and a considerable transfer of technology.
352. I would also refer to a project concerning a low-cost mosquito-contamination device for sustainable malaria mosquito control targeting, in particular, Tanzania, with a budget of €1.5million.
353. Another project, COSMIC is the community-based scheduled screening and treatment of malaria in pregnancy for improved maternal and infant health: a cluster-randomized trial. The budget for the recipient countries, Burkina Faso and Benin is approximately €700,000 and €566,000 respectively. This project aims to develop low-cost intervention to deal with malarian pregnancies. It seeks to educate community-health workers and consumers to improve the use of rapid diagnostic tests. It involves pharmaceutical companies as well. You can find more information about this on the website that is mentioned in our report.
354. In addition, we have programmes dealing with renewable energies in Latin America, in particular a programme called EURO-SOLAR. This programme proposes a new approach to traditional rural electrification projects by mainstreaming renewable energy. This involves linking power generation to a series of goals, including improvements in education and health, development of productive activities, skilled building within the community; and it also has a gender focus. The kit, which is designed for this EURO-SOLAR programme, is wholly based on renewable resources and has a neutral impact on the environment, therefore ensuring the sustainability of the development model. Systems of this kind are a good alternative in isolated rural communities where direct connection to the electricity grid is not viable for technical or economic reasons. Some key figures for this project: it has improved the living conditions of 300,000 people by linking isolated communities and providing them with electric energy; it has eight beneficiary countries in Latin America; it has a total budget of €36million, 80% financed by the European Union. It involved 3,000 Internet-connected computers, 500 satellite antennas, and 2,500,000 square metres of solar panels.
355. I could go on and on. I think these projects deserve that people know about them. But for the sake of the schedule I will stop here today, but I would really ask people to have a look at the information we provided and to have this in consideration when we see so much criticism about how TRIPS falls short of its ambitions in providing for technology transfer and capacity building.