509. We recognize that innovation plays a positive role in cultivating new industries. Many emerging industries, including e-commerce, are driven by innovations and an effective intellectual property protection system. To these emerging industries, innovation ability of SMEs is particularly important.
510. In order to promote the development of SMEs and to enhance the generation, usage and management of IPR in SMEs, China has adopted a series of measures. Particularly, at the end of 2016, China National Intellectual Property Administration and Ministry of Industries and Information Technologies jointly released a document "Guiding Opinions on the Comprehensive Implementation of the SME Intellectual Property Strategy Promotion Project", providing seven possible methods to enhance the abilities related to IPR in SMEs.
511. The first is "patent information navigation" system, that is regularly sending high-quality, low-cost intellectual property information to SMEs. The second is to establish incentive mechanisms to stimulate the vitality of SMEs, including promotion on industry-university cooperation mechanism. The third is to enhance the ability of IPR management in SMEs. This includes providing new financial services, such as patent insurance. The fourth is to strengthen the protection of IPRs for SMEs, including providing specific IPR protection enforcement actions. The fifth is to provide scientific guidance for SMEs, including guiding SMEs to build suitable and scientific IPR management systems. The sixth is to deepen international IPR cooperation in SMEs, including actively conducting international IPR activities for SMEs. The seventh is to provide more public services for SMEs, including encouraging industry associations to recruit more SMEs. We believe those measures will have a positive effect on promoting the protection and utilization of IPRs of SMEs.
512. However, we also hope to draw Members' attention to the following facts. First, it is agreed that for the generation and development of emerging business, besides innovation and IPR protection, we also need capital, human resources and other essential elements. To developing Members, capital and human resources play an even more important role. Second, innovation cannot be achieved in one day. It needs huge amount of investment and primitive accumulation. Compared to developed Members, developing Members suffer deficiency in many areas. Currently, there still exists a wide gap between developed country Members and developing Members on the level and ability of innovation. We hope that Members can pay attention to these facts and explore effective solutions.