570. For Costa Rica, investment in human capital, innovation and knowledge that fully translate into economic growth require a robust intellectual property right framework. In that line, our Government aims to the implementation of policies and rules that create effective incentives for the production, appropriation and assimilation of knowledge. 571. Above all, it is critical to ensure a high level of cooperation between academia and the private sector. To foster such cooperation, the Government has created Bureaus of Transfer of Technology and University-Enterprise Linkages. While there are still many challenges, this cooperation system has already proven its usefulness, as 45 new licence technologies have been created and are ready to be implemented.5 The Government also created an information platform6, called Hipatia that allows universities to publicize the available research with licensing potential. 572. Allow me to cite some specific activities performed by public universities in relation to IP and innovation: The Unit on Management and Transfer of Knowledge and Innovation of the University of Costa Rica issued 18 different licenses in 2018, while an additional 25 were transferred through other means. The , works on intellectual property management through its Connection Center. This Centre offers guidance on transfer of technology and it is in charge of intellectual property training for researchers and students. The Connection Center also offers guidance on intellectual property protection for innovation that is developed in house. The Center Cadenagro7 of the National University, supports the agricultural sector by creating distinctive signs, and offering advice on issues related to protection and registration. It has played a key role by working directly with producers on the development of geographical indications such as Turrialba cheese, Chorotega ceramics and Tarrazu Coffee. 573. The Government has also identified the need for basic IP training for innovators. Within the framework of the National Innovation System, the Ministry of Science, Technology and Telecommunications has an active role in the promotion of Intellectual Property. The Ministry created a programme to help entrepreneurs with one-on-one advice on management of intellectual property rights. Furthermore, the Ministry and the Industrial Property Registry regularly hold joint lectures and capacity building activities on the importance of IPR in innovation for entrepreneurs. 574. To conclude, Costa Rica strongly believes in strengthening the link between innovation and intellectual property, as innovation has proven to be a driver and enabler for growth and job creation.