19. This delegation is pleased to report to the TRIPS Council that Mexico has amended and supplemented various provisions of the Federal Law on Copyright and the Federal Criminal Code, and has issued a new Federal Law on Industrial Property Protection.
20. This was notified to the Council pursuant to Article 63.2 of the TRIPS Agreement.
21. The new Federal Law on Industrial Property Protection notified to the Secretariat and circulated in document IP/N/1/MEX/21; IP/N/1/MEX/I/15 on the WTO documents website - which will come into force on 5 November 2020, repealing the current Law on Industrial Property - introduces significant changes and improvements in various fields of industrial property.
22. For instance, with respect to patents, it expressly establishes the "Bolar provision"; updates the mechanism for coordination between the Mexican Industrial Property Institute (IMPI) and the health authority as regards the marketing authorization process for pharmaceutical products; extends the period of validity of utility models; classifies handicrafts as industrial designs and strengthens regulations in that regard; and clarifies the grounds for declaring patents null and void.
23. With respect to industrial secrets, it introduces the concept of misappropriation and exceptions thereto, and establishes administrative infringements.
24. With respect to trademarks, it modifies the time used to calculate the validity of registrations; reduces requirements for well-known or famous trademarks; eliminates the obligation to register the licensing of rights in order to take effect vis-à-vis third parties, inter alia.
25. With respect to geographical indications and appellations of origin, it enhances their concepts, reinforcing recognition thereof by identifying their individual requirements; specifies their legal nature as domestic goods; enables Congress to submit a request for a general declaration of protection, inter alia.
26. With respect to enforcement, it contains changes intended to enforce the law more effectively and efficiently, including the possibility of requesting a determination of damage/injury vis-à-vis IMPI or the courts without the need for a prior administrative declaration; strengthens the framework of border measures and measures for the digital environment; establishes a conciliation mechanism as an alternative dispute resolution method, inter alia.
27. The amendments made to the Federal Law on Copyright, notified to the Secretariat and circulated in document IP/N/1/MEX/23; IP/N/1/MEX/C/9 on the WTO documents website, were mainly aimed at protecting copyright and related rights concerning works, performances or phonograms existing in digital media, through technological protection measures (TPMs) and rights management information (RMI). In addition, the responsibilities of online service providers are regulated, and a notification and withdrawal mechanism has been established for materials or content protected by copyright or related rights that are transmitted, reproduced or sold online without the authorization of right holders. Measures have also been established to prevent misuse of the system.
28. Lastly, the amendments made to the Federal Criminal Code, notified to the Secretariat and circulated in documents IP/N/1/MEX/22; IP/N/1/MEX/E/1 and IP/N/1/MEX/22/Rev.1; IP/N/1/MEX/E/1/Rev.1 on the WTO documents website, introduce penalties for various infringements of copyright or related rights, such as the act of decrypting or decoding encrypted programme-carrying satellite or cable signals without the relevant authorization; circumventing, for profit-making purposes, TPMs used to protect content subject to rights in the digital environment; alteration of RMI without authorization and for profit-making purposes; as well as recording, transmitting or copying, in full or in part, a protected cinematographic work at the time of showing at a cinema; among other acts.