76. First, I would like to react to the intervention made by the delegation of Indonesia. We take note of the question on these measures Hungary implemented, and we will see what other information is available and we will come back on this issue. So this is our reaction to Indonesia's intervention.
77. Also, we would like to react to the intervention South Africa made concerning the EU measure related to export restriction. This decision is a reaction to a possible breach of contracts signed with the EU, as doses that were initially destined for the EU may have been exported to third countries. This would be a clear and unacceptable violation of legal obligations by the companies in question, while delaying the vaccination of EU citizens.
78. In order to prevent such violation, the Commission has decided that all vaccine manufacturers should declare exports to third countries. From 30 January, the customs authorities are checking all vaccine export declarations. They may also control the products and trace their origin to ensure that they do correspond to third countries purchase contracts. These checks and controls will ensure transparency in a sensitive market, and avoid reselling, litigations and trafficking. They will be conducted in a speedy manner to avoid unnecessary additional delays.
79. These obligations are strictly targeted to vaccine manufacturers and are applicable for a limited period of time. They will be proportionate and will not slow down the vaccine trade between the EU and third countries. These measures have been designed in a targeted manner to limit the impact on our trading partners and to exempt the most-vulnerable countries. The legal decision adopted explicitly rules out exports:
a. to the EFTA countries, the Western Balkans, the neighbourhood countries,
b. the 92 low- and middle- income countries covered by the COVAX facility, as well as those delivered through COVAX, UNICEF and PAHO to any COVAX participating country; as well as
c. in the context of a humanitarian emergency response.
80. With these provisions, the EU stands to its commitments towards its partners.