143. Canada is pleased to report on its efforts to provide incentives to enterprises and institutions for the purpose of promoting and encouraging technology transfer to least developed countries (LDCs), to enable them to create a sound and viable technological base.
144. Canada's 2021 report on the implementation of Article 66.2 of the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement (document provides an update on the range of projects and initiatives undertaken by Canada over the past year. Before discussing some of the more noteworthy projects included in this year's report, we point out that Canada's report on Article 66.2 focuses primarily on non-market projects, as financed by Canadian departments, agencies and institutions, through official development assistance, grants and other concessional financing. For instance, Canada provides financial incentives in partnership with Canadian educational and research institutions in a range of development areas, such as agriculture and food security, public health, artificial intelligence and education, sustainable development, as well as business development and capacity-building for small and medium-sized enterprises.
145. In addition to updates on existing projects, this year's report includes information on a recent subsidy programme, the Health Innovation Platform, funded in partnership with Grand Challenges Canada, an organization financed, inter alia, by Global Affairs Canada and which funds innovators in low- and middle-income countries. It has supported 1,300 innovations in 106 countries to date. In particular, it should be noted that specific provisions on technology transfer to LDCs have been negotiated under this funding mechanism. The programme supports innovators to develop and transition to scale innovations that improve the health, human rights and well-being of women, adolescents and children in low- and middle-income countries, including in conflict-affected areas. The programme, which focuses on a number of countries such as Burkina Faso, Haiti, Madagascar and Uganda, aims to provide more e products and health services, taking into account gender and local needs, particularly for the most vulnerable and marginalized people.
146. Another significant project from the past year, called "An Integrated Food Systems Approach to Build Nutrition Security", was launched in 2021 with HarvestPlus and partners in Bangladesh, Malawi, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia. This project seeks to improve access to nutrient-rich biofortified foods for women, children and adolescents in vulnerable rural households. A related project, called "Strengthening the Nutritional Resilience and Food Security of the Most Vulnerable in Mali", aims to improve the food, nutrition, and health situation, increase agricultural productivity and incomes of target populations, mainly women and girls, in the Mopti and Ségou regions, while tackling the effects of climate change on food security in their communities, in collaboration with the World Food Programme.
147. Our report this year also mentions a project called "End-to-end artificial intelligence and data systems for targeted surveillance and management of COVID-19 and future pandemics affecting Uganda". Through collaboration between the International Development Research Centre, Makerere University and the Infectious Diseases Institute in Uganda, this project strengthens Uganda's data systems to create COVID-19 responses which are based on artificial intelligence and improve the monitoring and management of the pandemic. The project also develops and deploys artificial intelligence detection and diagnosis tools to improve patient care and monitor in real time the spread of COVID-19 and associated risks.
148. Canada is fully prepared to provide, upon request, further information on these technology transfer projects and programmes contained in Canada's 2021 report on the implementation of Article 66.2. Canada also invites interested delegations to consult the Project Browser on international projects funded by the government of Canada to obtain further information on these and other initiatives.
149. Finally, Canada would also like to take this opportunity to once again thank the Secretariat for having organized the March 2021 workshop on Article 66.2 of the TRIPS Agreement, and thank the Members who shared their experiences and valuable ideas in this area. We look forward to the next workshop on the implementation of Article 66.2 and to further discussions with other Members on these important issues.