222. I refer to the document , which provides information on the World Intellectual Property Organization's (WIPO) technical cooperation and capacity-building activities in the period from September 2020 to August 2021. It may be seen from the document that, despite the constraints imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic, WIPO has been deeply engaged in responding to Member states' requirements for technical cooperation. WIPO's activities centre around three broad areas, that is, policy and legislative advice, IP strategy, and IP Office business solutions. The overall objectives underpinning these activities include the enhancement of the capacity of countries to fulfil their international obligations, and to enable them to effectively use the IP system to achieve their developmental goals. In the past year, there has also been an increasing focus by WIPO on three areas. 223. Firstly, in regard to the COVID-19 pandemic, a comprehensive set of measures has been developed to assist Member states in addressing the pandemic, as well as laying the foundations for post-COVID economic recovery efforts. The pandemic-related technical cooperation activities cover a number of areas including policy and legislative assistance, IP dispute resolution, and innovation support and technology transfer. This has been done of course in addition to the interaction in the framework of the trilateral cooperation with the World Health Organization (WHO) and World Trade Organization (WTO). 224. Secondly, more integrated programmes are being developed to enable countries to use IP to strengthen their innovation ecosystems. This includes providing support for researchers, innovators and enterprises, including small and medium enterprises (SMEs). 225. Thirdly, activities have been initiated to address the persistent gender gap in the use of IP. This involves assisting countries in a number of areas, including gathering of gender-disaggregated data and developing concrete programmes to increase the use of the IP system by women. 226. Finally, I would like to thank the Members and other sister agencies who have acknowledged the extensive work done by WIPO in the area of technical cooperation. I would like to assure that the World Intellectual Property Organization remains committed to providing technical cooperation and capacity-building programmes which respond to the needs of Member countries as they seek to fulfil their TRIPS obligations.