Report by Developed Country Members on the implementation of TRIPS Art. 66.2 (re. Technology Transfer to LDCs) - View details of the document

European Union
SWEDEN • Foreword: Sweden contributes with technology transfer to least-developed countries through its development assistance. This assistance is channelled through the Swedish International Development Co-operation Agency (Sida). In particular its department for Infrastructure and Economic Co-operation (INEC) deals with technology transfer to developing and to least-developed countries. INEC is responsible for Sida's development assistance to the infrastructural sector and it also deals with economic co-operation. This involves sector and feasibility studies, investment projects, energy savings and renewable energy projects in the energy field and also in other areas such as telecommunications, roads, housing, urban development etc. These projects often include sector reforms, institution building and the use of local resources in road construction for example. INEC also provides support to productive sectors in developing countries, such as industry and trade, capital markets development, contract-financed technical co-operation, credits and guarantees, international training etc. With regard to least-developed countries, most of INEC's activities are geared towards the transfer of technology and know-how. Within the area of technical co-operation and training, INEC arranges contract-financed technical co-operation such as consultancy studies, competence building and institutional building projects. The division supports 150-200 projects per year in about 30 countries. Over 80 international courses are arranged each year with participants from some 100 countries. Competence development and alliance co-operation within private industry and adjoining sectors is another important branch. These projects are normally small and catalytic. Through the Start Programme, local companies in Sida's partner countries are given access to Swedish technology and know-how at the same time as Swedish small and medium-size enterprises are encouraged to test new markets. The Start South Programme supports investments in more than 40 developing and least-developed countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. It offers financial support to Swedish small and medium-size enterprises at the starting-up phase of joint projects with local companies by providing write-off loans to finance education and training and the transfer of industrial know-how. Examples of participating least-developed countries and areas of activity: Zambia: Fish culture Water purification Mining Refrigeration technology Deforestation Tanzania: Tourism Printing Works Concreting Measures of precaution for documents Manufacture of Household Utensils Sisal production Mozambique: Hotel management Dental surgery Angola: Granite mining Uganda: Mineral prospecting Tourism Forestry Irrigation project Printing factory Ethiopia: Cardiology Eritrea: Printing factory Bangladesh: Heart surgery Diabetes care Viet Nam: IT-technology Furniture production
# Name of programme or project Beneficiary Members(s) Category of technology  
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