Yes, geographical indications are protected by provisions in the Honduran legislation approving the content of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS), which is incorporated in domestic law in accordance with Article 16 of the Constitution of the Republic of Honduras and Article 7 of the Public Administration Law, under which international treaties subscribed to by Honduras and ratified by the National Congress of the Republic shall be part of the domestic legislation of Honduras.
Furthermore, the Industrial Property Law (Decree No. 12-99-E of 30 December 1999) punishes (Article No. 168) acts of unfair competition relating to geographical indications with a fine amounting to ten to two hundred minimum wages, without prejudice to the penalties laid down in the Penal Code for the wilful use in trade, in respect of a good or a service, of a geographical indication that is false or likely to mislead the public as to its source or the identity of the producer, manufacturer or trader of the good or service.
The above-mentioned Law also affords protection in the form of appellation of origin, and prohibits the use, in the trading of goods, of a false or misleading appellation of origin, or the imitation of an appellation of origin, even where the true origin of the goods is indicated, or a mistranslation of the appellation of origin is used, or the appellation of origin is used in conjunction with expressions such as "kind", "type", "style", "imitation" or the like.
According to Article No. 170 of Decree 12-99-E, an act of unfair competition is any act carried out in the course of business or for the purposes of business which offends against the rules of good faith and honest business uses and practices. The Law to Implement the Free Trade Agreement between the Dominican Republic, Central America and the United States (Decree No. 16-2006) provides in Article 15 that "the recognition and protection of a geographical indication involves observing prohibitions deriving from the third parties' rights applied for or registered earlier".
Article 129 of Decree No. 12-99-E provides that there is a period within which anyone having a legitimate interest may file a properly substantiated opposition to an application to register a geographical indication.
As to recognition of geographical indications, exclusive use rights take effect as from the registration of protection issued by the Property Institute through the General Directorate of Intellectual Property.