United States of America
Copyright and Related Rights
[Follow-up question] Please explain whether and how the literal texts of the exceptions in Articles 15 and 21 of the Finnish Copyright Law have been limited in application or operation.
(a) Article 15 The provision in Article 15 means only time shifting. The use of the audio and video recordings is limited only to listening or watching the programme the next day. After that the recordings are meant to be erased. (b) Article 21 Paragraph 1 Performing a published work in connection with education means performing it in ordinary educational events at school. If works are performed in the school building but not in connection with education, e.g. in the evening after the school day, this provision shall not apply. Performing a published work at divine services means performing it at divine services which are arranged regularly on Sundays or other holy days. This provision shall not apply in other activities in parishes. Paragraph 2 The criteria settled in this provision are quite detailed and restrictive. The events meant in this provision are unusual in practice because performing artists rarely perform for nothing. We are not aware, at this time, of practical instances where this provision has been applied. These provisions contain examples of minor reservations allowed under the Berne Convention. Finland considers that Articles 15 and 21 of its Copyright Law is in full compliance with Articles 9(2) of the Berne Convention and 13 of the TRIPS Agreement.