European Union
Geographical Indications
6. How is the term "geographical indication" defined in Japanese law in respect of goods other than wines and spirits and what is the legal basis for such a definition (Article 22.1 of the TRIPS Agreement)?
The term "geographical indication" is not used in the Japanese Trademark Law and the Japanese Unfair Competition Prevention Law. Instead, these Laws use the corresponding term "origin" (Articles 3(1)(iii) and 4(1)(xvii) of the Japanese Trademark Law, and Article 2(1)(x) of the Japanese Unfair Competition Prevention Law). According to the Trademark Examination Guidelines, "origin" means names of countries, famous geographical names (including names of administrative units, former names of countries and geographical names used in foreign countries), names of streets (including famous streets in foreign countries) or indications on maps.