European Union
Copyright and Related Rights
5. Under Section 41 of the Copyright Act, the starting point for the protection period for anonymous or pseudonymous works is the expiry of the year in which the work was issued. According to Article 12 of the TRIPS Agreement, the starting point is the end of the calendar year of authorized publication. In the opinion of the Norwegian Government, can this difference in starting points result in a shorter protection period under Norwegian law than the protection period laid down in Article 12 of the TRIPS Agreement?
The Norwegian Copyright Act, Section 4, which has a similar wording as the corresponding provisions in the Danish, Swedish and Finnish Copyright Acts, is consistent with the TRIPS Agreement, Article 12. The English version of the Norwegian Copyright Act uses the term "issued" which is meant to cover "publish". However, the Norwegian Government will consider whether more adequate English terms should be used in the English version of the Act.