Technical Cooperation Activities under TRIPS Art. 67. - View details of the document

Japan

 

1  TECHNICAL AND FINANCIAL COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY RIGHTS

1.1  Voluntary Contributions for Funds-in-Trust Japan Industrial Property Global

Since 1987, the Government of Japan has been providing voluntary contributions in the field of industrial property (IP) to the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). The WIPO Funds-in-Trust/Japan (FIT/JP) in the field of IP was established with these voluntary funds. The FIT/JP is used to finance various projects for WIPO members in the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), such as holding IP office conferences or symposia, welcoming trainees and IP research students, sending Japan Patent Office (JPO) officials and supporting the automation and modernization of IP offices.

In addition to the above, since the Japanese fiscal year (FY) 2008, the Government of Japan has been providing a new FIT/JP programme for Africa in the amount of CHF 1.6 million annually. This fund will support activities aimed inter alia at strengthening the legal and administrative frameworks for IP protection, automating and modernizing IP infrastructure to ensure high quality service to users, and sharing the experience of Japanese SMEs and experts in business-oriented IP management and human resource development in Africa.

And, since April 2019, Japan has renewed FIT/JP as the global funds, which are used without limiting areas of support. Funds-in-Trust Japan Industrial Property Global (FIT Japan IP Global) for FY2022 amounts to CHF 4.82 million.

1.2  Programmes by the JPO

1.2.1  Training Programme

In order to support developing countries to implement the TRIPS Agreement, Japan has been conducting training programmes for these countries. Between April 1996 and March 2023, Japan provided training to 7,690 trainees in both public and private sectors from 105 countries and 5 regions, primarily in the Asia-Pacific region, Latin America, and African region. In the future, with the goal of the efficient implementation of laws in mind, Japan is scheduled to proceed with human resource development activities emphasizing the area of enforcement of intellectual property rights (IPRs).

1.2.1.1  Training programmes for government officials

5.  The JPO has been conducting group training courses regarding IPRs for government officials. In FY2022, 12 group training courses were conducted, and 238 participants in total completed training.

1.2.1.2  Training programmes for private sectors

The JPO has also been conducting group training courses regarding IPRs for trainees from the private sector. In FY2022, 4 group training courses were held, and 75 participants in total completed training.

1.2.2  Long-term and Short-term Fellowship

Due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the long-term fellowship programme under the FIT Japan IP Global in FY2022 was replaced by the online/virtual IP study course held by the Osaka Institute of Technology (OIT). 15 participants from Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Sri Lanka and Viet Nam completed the online course from May 12 to July 29, 2022.

In the context of the short-term fellowship programme funded by FIT Japan IP Global, 4 trainees from Mozambique, Tajikistan, Pakistan and Brazil completed the two weeks of practical work experience in IP-related fields.

1.2.3  Seminar on Intellectual Property Rights for Alumni Association Members

The JPO has suggested to its trainees that an alumni association be established to help disseminate information on IP systems in their home countries and to keep the members of the association informed of current IP developments. The JPO has held follow-up seminars in various Asian countries for those who had completed training programmes in Japan, in order to sustain the fruits of the training programmes and contribute to human resources development.

When the JPO receives a request from an alumni association to assist them in holding an IP seminar, the following types of assistance are provided: financial assistance to meet the cost of holding a seminar, and the sending of Japanese speakers to the event.

In FY2022, follow-up seminars were held in Cambodia  and India.

1.2.4  Expert Missions

Experts and seminar speakers specializing in various areas of IP are sent by the JPO through FIT Japan IP Global and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). The experts mainly provide on-site instruction regarding examination practices, computerization and so forth.

The JPO has sent long-term experts under the JICA scheme in order to engage in JICA technical cooperation projects being implemented in the IP office of the respective recipient countries.

In FY2022, 10 experts in total participated in the programmes implemented under the WIPO scheme.

1.2.5  FIT Japan IP Global Programmes

In FY 2022, 18 programmes were implemented with the support of funding from the FIT Japan IP Global.

1.2.6  Provision of the 'Patent Abstracts of Japan (PAJ)' on CD-ROM

There have been difficulties of third parties obtaining patents in other countries for the inventions for which applications have already been filed in Japan. To relieve difficulties and improve the quality of examinations in developing countries, the JPO has been publishing the CD-ROM version of Patent Abstracts of Japan (PAJ). PAJ contains English translations of bibliographic data and patent abstracts as well as representative drawings published in the Kokai Tokkyo Koho, which means publications of patent applications. Since April 1995, the JPO has been providing PAJ on CD-ROM free of charge to foreign organizations/institutions, including major IP offices and international organizations. As of August 2023, 49 organizations/institutions receive them on a regular basis.

1.2.7  Project to Publish (in English and Japanese) the Industrial Property Laws and Regulations in Effect in Various Countries

The JPO translated laws and regulations which were related to industrial property rights in foreign countries into English and Japanese and provided these translations through the JPO's website. At present, translations of the laws and regulations of about 100 countries and intergovernmental organizations can be browsed on its website.

Japanese: https://www.jpo.go.jp/system/laws/gaikoku/mokuji.html
English: https://www.jpo.go.jp/e/system/laws/gaikoku/index.html

1.3  JICA Projects

1.3.1  Technical Cooperation Projects

In the field of intellectual property, JICA implemented technical cooperation projects contributing to better enforcement of IPRs in Indonesia. JICA completed a technical cooperation project contributing to improving the examination capacity in Viet Nam (FY2020-2022).

1.3.2  Group Training Courses

JICA also implemented group training courses on intellectual property. In cooperation with the WIPO and Kyoto Comparative Law Centre (KCLC; Non-Profit Research Organization), JICA implemented two-month training on the legal system of IPRs and the Enforcement of IPRs for officials from enforcement-related government agencies from around the world (FY2000-2012). Furthermore, in cooperation with KCLC, JICA implemented one-month training on Improving Intellectual Property System for Economic Development in Japan (FY2015-2019).

2  TECHNICAL AND FINANCIAL COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF COPYRIGHT

The Japan Copyright Office (JCO), Agency for Cultural Affairs, has been planning and carrying out the following programmes with a view to contributing to the development of copyright systems in developing countries as well as to strengthening regional cooperation among Asia-Pacific countries.

The APACE (Asia-Pacific Copyright Systems Enhancement) Programme was started in 1993 with establishing the WIPO Funds in Trust/Japan (FIT/JP) in the field of copyright, targeting Asia-Pacific countries. In FY2022, because of the pandemic, several online programmes were implemented. These are the National Workshop on Developing the Potential of Creative Youth and Copyright , the Virtual Workshop on Raising Awareness of the Importance of Copyright for Fostering Creativity among Youth, the 4th Virtual Coaching Program for Artists and Managers of Creative Enterprises, and the Coaching Program for Professionals and Managers of SMEs in the music sector.

3  TECHNICAL AND FINANCIAL COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF PLANT VARIETY PROTECTION

3.1  Cooperation through the UPOV

In the form of a Funds-in-Trust to the UPOV, the Government of Japan has supported programmes on plant variety protection (PVP) systems in line with UPOV.

To facilitate establishment and implementation of UPOV PVP systems for countries in the Asian region, various activities were implemented such as national and international seminars for the purpose of raising awareness of PVP systems, assistance to draft PVP laws in accordance with the UPOV Convention, and development of single online application platform (e-PVP Asia).

3.2  JICA Group Training Course

JICA training courses started in 2000 in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries and NCSS (National Centre for Seeds and Seedlings, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization) to contribute to the enhancement of PVP systems and quality control of seeds and seedlings. In 2023, a Group Training Course was conducted in Japan and Viet Nam. It included participants from ten countries (Algeria, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Mauritania, Nepal, Philippines, Rwanda, Thailand and Viet Nam).

3.3  Cooperation through the East Asia Plant Variety Protection Forum

To facilitate establishment and international harmonization of PVP systems in East Asian countries, the East Asia Plant Variety Protection Forum (EAPVPF) was formed under Japan's initiative in 2007 with participation of ASEAN countries, China, the Republic of Korea and Japan.

The 11th EAPVP Forum Annual Meeting held in Muntinlupa, Philippines on 1 August 2018 adopted the Ten-Year Strategic Plan of the EAPVP Forum (2018-2027), including the Common Direction aimed at establishing effective PVP systems consistent with the UPOV Convention among Forum members. This Ten-Year Strategic Plan was revised at the 12th Annual Meeting that was held in Beijing, China on 24 April 2019. The revised Ten-Year Strategic Plan is available on the following website: http://eapvp.org/about/.

Various cooperation activities proposed by EAPVPF members in line with the Ten-Year Strategic Plan have been adopted at the annual meeting every year, and these activities have been implemented at the local state or with virtual means. With the aim of establishing a single online platform for submitting application data to PVP Offices of participating countries and enhancing examination cooperation among PVP Offices of participating countries, the EAPVP Pilot project is being conducted from 2018 to 2023. The details of the activities can be referred to the following website: http://www.eapvp.org/report.

4  TECHNICAL AND FINANCIAL COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF BORDER MEASURES

The Ministry of Finance of the Government of Japan have provided scholarship programmes, training courses, and expert missions on the TRIPS Agreement in the field of border measures for the enforcement of IPRs, in collaboration with WCO, JICA and other organizations. The main purpose of these programmes is to assist customs officers in developing countries in the smooth implementation of the TRIPS Agreement, mainly in the Asia-Pacific region. In FY2022, the scholarship programme was held in Japan, with nine participants. Furthermore, Japanese experts joined five workshops in FY2022 to enhance customs officers' knowledge and skills in the field of IPRs border enforcement.

List of programmes/projects

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# Title of programme or activity Start date Beneficiary Members or observers  
1 4th session of Coaching Program for Artists and Managers of Creative Enterprises in the Digital Environment 01/12/2022 Fiji; Samoa
2 Coaching Program for Professionals and Managers of SMEs in the Music Sector 07/03/2023 Bangladesh; Malaysia; Mongolia; Nepal; Philippines; Sri Lanka; Thailand; Viet Nam
3 Coaching Program for Professionals and Managers of SMEs in the Music Sector 28/06/2023 Bangladesh; Malaysia; Mongolia; Nepal; Philippines; Viet Nam
4 Expert Mission on IPR for Viet Nam Customs 31/05/2022 Viet Nam
5 Expert mission on JSPP21 Workshop on Intellectual Property (IP) Rights 05/09/2022 Cambodia; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Myanmar; Viet Nam
6 Expert mission on WCO Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), Health and Safety Workshop for Philippines Customs 28/11/2022 Philippines
7 Expert mission on WCO Intellectual Property Rights(IPR), Health and Safety Workshop For PNG Customs Service 06/12/2022 Papua New Guinea
8 Expert Workshop on the Madrid System for the Intellectual Property Corporation of Malaysia 26/01/2023 Malaysia
9 Hands-on Training on Examination by practicing the skills and knowledge for Patent Examiners of Department of Patents, Designs and Trademarks (DPDT) Bangladesh 16/10/2022 Bangladesh
10 Hands-on Training on Examination in the PCT national Phase for Examiners of Angolan Institute of Intellectual Property (IAPI) 05/09/2022 Angola
11 Inter-Regional Virtual event on IP and Innovation for SMEs, in the context of the 8th Tokyo International Conference for African Development (TICAD) 27/09/2022
12 JPO/IPR Training Course on Design Substantive Examination and Accession to the Hague Agreement 26/01/2023 Bangladesh; Brazil; India; Indonesia; Kazakhstan; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Mexico; Peru; Philippines; Thailand; Viet Nam
13 JPO/IPRs Operational Patent Examination Training Programme 20/10/2022 Bangladesh; Brazil; Egypt; Indonesia; Kenya; Malaysia; Mexico; Philippines; Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of; Thailand; Viet Nam
14 JPO/IPRs Training Course for IP Trainers 08/11/2022 Bangladesh; Brazil; Cambodia; Egypt; India; Kenya; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Mexico; Philippines; Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of; Thailand; Viet Nam
15 JPO/IPRs Training Course for Practitioners Specializing in Patents 19/10/2022 Brazil; Cambodia; India; Malaysia; Mexico; Morocco; Philippines; Thailand
16 JPO/IPRs Training Course for Practitioners Specializing in Trademarks 08/09/2022 Brazil; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; India; Indonesia; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Mexico; Thailand
17 JPO/IPRs Training Course on Academia-Industry Collaboration and Technology Transfer 03/08/2022 Brazil; Chile; Ghana; Malawi; Malaysia; Mexico; Morocco; Nigeria; Philippines; Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of; Sri Lanka; Thailand; Trinidad and Tobago; Zambia
18 JPO/IPRs Training Course on Anti-Counterfeiting Measures for Practitioners 18/10/2022 Bangladesh; Chile; India; Indonesia; Kenya; Malaysia; Philippines; Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of; Uganda; Viet Nam
19 JPO/IPRs Training Course on General IP Office Management 03/10/2022 Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; Colombia; Dominican Republic; Egypt; Malaysia; Philippines; Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of; South Africa
20 JPO/IPRs Training Course on Information Technology 13/09/2022 Bangladesh; Cambodia; Egypt; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Mexico; Pakistan; Philippines
21 JPO/IPRs Training Course on Patent Examination (Basic Program) 10/08/2022 Bangladesh; Brazil; Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; Djibouti; Kenya; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Pakistan; Philippines; Qatar; Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of; South Africa; Vanuatu
22 JPO/IPRs Training Course on Patent Examination for Middle Eastern and African Countries 12/09/2022 Angola; Congo; Egypt; Eswatini; Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of; South Africa; Tunisia
23 JPO/IPRs Training Course on Patent Examination in Specific Technical Fields 17/01/2023 Angola; Brazil; Colombia; Costa Rica; Kazakhstan; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Mexico; Morocco; Pakistan; Philippines; Qatar
24 JPO/IPRs Training Course on Patent Examination Management for Managers 01/09/2022 Brazil; Cambodia; Kenya; Malaysia; Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; Viet Nam
25 JPO/IPRs Training Course on Substantive Examination of Trademarks 12/01/2023 Bangladesh; Brazil; Cambodia; Indonesia; Kenya; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Peru; Philippines; Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of; Thailand; Viet Nam
26 JPO/IPRs Training Course on Trademark Examination under the Madrid System 01/08/2022 Bangladesh; Chile; Mauritius; Pakistan; Papua New Guinea; Qatar; Sierra Leone; Sri Lanka
27 JPO/IPRs Training Course on Trial and Appeal System 28/11/2022 Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; Indonesia; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Philippines; Singapore; Thailand; Viet Nam
28 Master's Degree in Intellectual Property (MIP) program offered jointly by WIPO, ARIPO and Africa University 01/05/2022 Kenya; Malawi; Nigeria; Uganda; Zimbabwe
29 Master's Degree in Intellectual Property (MIP) program offered jointly by WIPO, OAPI and University of Yaoundé II 03/10/2022 Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cameroon; Chad; Côte d'Ivoire; Gabon; Niger; Senegal; Togo
30 Online Courses to Study IP held by the Osaka Institute of Technology in Japan 12/05/2022 Malaysia; Philippines; Sri Lanka; Thailand; Viet Nam
31 Policy Dialogue on the Role of IP for Economic, Social and Cultural Development: Innovation, IP and Value Addition for Business Competitiveness in Africa - Regional Youth Entrepreneurship Forum on the “Critical Role of Intellectual Property (IP) and Innovation for Youth Entrepreneurship and Start-ups” 25/04/2022 Belgium; Benin; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cabo Verde; Cameroon; Congo; Côte d'Ivoire; Eswatini; France; Ghana; Kenya; Korea, Republic of; Lesotho; Madagascar; Malawi; Mali; Morocco; Mozambique; Namibia; Netherlands; Niger; Nigeria; Philippines; Rwanda; Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of; Senegal; Singapore; South Africa; Switzerland; Tanzania; Togo; Uganda; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom; United States of America; Zambia; Zimbabwe
32 Project for Efficient and Fair Disputes Resolution Mechanism and Legislative Drafting Capacity Development for Improving Business Environment 01/10/2021 Indonesia
33 Regional Meeting on Copyright and Related Rights: New Development and Response to Challenges of the Pandemic 26/06/2023 Bangladesh; India; Indonesia; Malaysia; Pakistan; Philippines; Thailand; Vanuatu; Viet Nam
34 Regional Workshop for Latin American Countries on the negotiation of technological development collaboration agreements in the agricultural sector 28/02/2022 Brazil; Chile
35 Sub-Regional Seminar on Intellectual Property Enforcement in the Digital Environment for Government and Law Enforcement Officials 27/10/2022 Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; Indonesia; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Philippines; Thailand; Viet Nam
36 Sub-Regional Workshop on the Hague System for Stakeholders in Botswana, Ghana, Namibia, Rwanda and Sao Tome and Principe 01/11/2023 Botswana; Ghana; Namibia; Rwanda
37 Third Session of Asian-Arab IP Dialogue between Japan and selected Arab countries on Utilizing the IP System for Economic, Social and Cultural Development in the Digital Era 31/01/2023 Bahrain, Kingdom of; Egypt; Jordan; Kuwait, the State of; Morocco; Oman; Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of; Tunisia
38 Virtual Regional Meeting of Intellectual Property Office Officials Responsible for the Madrid System for Selected Latin America and the Caribbean Countries 06/12/2022 Antigua and Barbuda; Belize; Brazil; Jamaica; Trinidad and Tobago
39 Virtual Workshop on Raising Awareness of the Importance of Copyright for Fostering Creativity among Youth for a Better Future 28/09/2022 Bangladesh; Fiji; Indonesia; Pakistan; Sri Lanka; Tonga; Vanuatu
40 WCO SMIPRP(The Strategic Management and Intellectual Property Rights Program) 04/04/2022 Botswana; Brazil; India; Indonesia; Jamaica; Malaysia; Zambia
41 WIPO GREEN Latin American Acceleration Project Phase 3 01/04/2022 Argentina; Brazil; Chile
42 WIPO Regional Meeting on Strengthening the ASEAN Regional Technology and Innovation Support Center (TISC) Network 27/03/2023 Brunei Darussalam; Cambodia; Indonesia; Lao People's Democratic Republic; Malaysia; Philippines; Thailand; Viet Nam
43 WIPO-ARIPO Sub-Regional Meeting on the Development of a Regional Technology and Innovation Support Center (TISC) Network 23/02/2023 Botswana; Eswatini; The Gambia; Ghana; Kenya; Lesotho; Liberia; Malawi; Mauritius; Namibia; Nigeria; Rwanda; Seychelles; Sierra Leone; Tanzania; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
44 WIPO-ARIPO-OAPI-MIP Alumni Conferences: Intellectual Property for Business Management in Harare 07/12/2022 Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Côte d'Ivoire; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Eswatini; Gabon; The Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Kenya; Lesotho; Malawi; Mali; Mauritania; Mozambique; Namibia; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Tanzania; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
45 Workshop on Access to Technology for Innovation and the Development of Technology and Innovation Support Centers (TISCs) in Nouakchott, Mauritania 27/03/2023 Mauritania