As already set out in the answers to questions 1, 2 and 4 above, trademark law may very often be involved.
[Answer 1: Protection for geographical indications is provided through the Law of 12 December 1996 regarding the protection of trademarks and geographical indications (Trademark Act; Liechtenstein Law Gazette 1997 No. 602). Unfair competition law applies only if there is no specific provision in the Trademark Law. The recognition of geographical indications as such does not require registration. Nevertheless, if such indication is part of a trademark, it has to be registered.
[Answer 2: There is not one single regime of protection for all products. As indicated under question 1 above, geographical indications for products and services are protected by the Trademark Act. Within the framework of the Customs Union Treaty between Liechtenstein and Switzerland of 19233, parts of the Swiss Law on Agriculture, in particular the Swiss Ordinance of 28 May 1997 concerning the Protection of Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications with respect to Agricultural Products and Processed Agricultural Products (RS 910.12, RO 1997 1188), are applicable in Liechtenstein. For further information about the system for the registration of geographical indications under this Ordinance, see document IP/C/W/76/Add.5/Suppl.1 and the Swiss answers to the related questions of this checklist. Liechtenstein producers face the same registration requirements as Swiss producers under this Ordinance. As the product-specific law applicable in Liechtenstein is not national law but Swiss law, it will not be elaborated in detail in our answers to this checklist. As far as wines are concerned, reference is made also to the new Swiss Ordinance on Viticulture and the Importation of Wine (SR 916.140, AS 1999, 86) as far as applicable subject to the bilateral Customs Union Treaty. As the product-specific law applicable in Liechtenstein is not national law but Swiss law, it will not be elaborated in detail in our answers to this Checklist. Furthermore, the Agreement on the European Economic Area of 2 May 1992 (EEA Agreement) contains extensive references to European Community legislation on definition, description and presentation of wines and spirits in its Annex II, Section XXVII.]
[Answer 4: The relevant provisions are contained in Articles 45 et seq. of the Trademark Act of 12 December 1996. For cases not covered by the provisions of the Trademark Act, Article 3(b) of the Unfair Competition Act may apply. 4]