Estados Unidos de América
Derecho de autor y derechos conexos
4. Please explain whether and how France provides full retroactive protection to works, phonograms and performances from other WTO Members, as required by Berne Article 18, as incorporated through Article 9.1 of TRIPS, and TRIPS Article 14.6, and give the date back to which protection extends as to each of these categories of subject matter.
Article 18 of the Berne Convention is incorporated into French law as a result of the ratification of the Convention and of the Universal Convention of 1952. Consequently, a work protected by copyright in its country of origin may claim protection. Hence, only works that have fallen into the public domain are not protected. All phonograms whose protection has not expired in the country of origin are protected with respect to uses made subsequently to the entry into force of the French Law of 3 July 1985 (1 January 1986).