Examen de la legislación de aplicación del Acuerdo sobre los ADPIC - Búsqueda

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En el párrafo 2 del artículo 63 del Acuerdo sobre los ADPIC, se exige a los Miembros que notifiquen al Consejo de los ADPIC las leyes y los reglamentos hechos efectivos por el Miembro en cuestión y referentes a la materia del Acuerdo, con el fin de ayudar al Consejo en su examen de la aplicación del Acuerdo.

En esta página puede hacer búsquedas en las preguntas y respuestas de los Miembros sobre las leyes y los reglamentos notificados. Puede consultar los resultados de la búsqueda en la pantalla, descargarlos en formato Excel e imprimirlos. También puede descargar los distintos documentos.

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Signatura del documento Miembro que presenta la notificación Miembro que plantea la pregunta Pregunta Respuesta Fecha de distribución del documento  
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 2. Please explain whether "proceedings leading to a decision on the merits of the case" stipulated in Article 55 of the TRIPS Agreement, are judicial or administrative.
The proceeding specified in Article 55 of the TRIPS Agreement is an administrative proceeding performed by customs authorities. It is necessary to note that the legal system of the Slovak Republic (Law No. 180/1996 Coll.) currently does not include any special provision on the time limits for legal action in this context.
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 3. Are there any ways other than the application stipulated in Articles 51 and 52 of the TRIPS Agreement (hereafter referred to as "the Application") which enable a right holder to request the competent authorities to suspend the release of the goods which infringe intellectual property rights or which are suspected to infringe intellectual property rights?
According to Section 60 of Law No. 180/1996 Coll. the customs authorities have the obligation, when releasing the goods, to observe other rights, particularly intellectual property rights. The right holder has no possibility of submitting a formal application based on which the administrative authority (customs authority) should begin a proceeding. The right holder may submit exclusively an inducement according to which the administrative body may act ex officio if it accepts that the inducement is justified.
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 4. Please explain what term your country regards as "a reasonable period within which the competent authorities shall inform the applicant whether or not they have accepted the Application" stipulated in Article 52 of the TRIPS Agreement.
The general terms for decision making, according to Section 49 of Law No. 71/1967 Coll., are applicable. In simple matters, the administrative authority should make a decision immediately or within 30 days. In case of difficulties, the stipulated term is extended to 60 days with possibilities to extend the term by the appeal authority. If the term is extended for 60 days or more, the participant in the procedure must be informed about it.
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 5. Please explain the term during which the Application is effective.
This provision is not relevant in our legal system since each case should be officially resolved.
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 6. Please explain whether a right holder is obliged to pay any fees to lodge the Application.
Inducement that has not a form of due proposal for an opening of proceeding is not subject to payment. (See reply to question 3)
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 7. Please indicate provisions of laws and ordinances which prescribe the "proceedings leading to a decision on the merits of the case" stipulated in Article 55 of the TRIPS Agreement. And please summarize their contents.
The Slovak legislation does not currently address these proceedings, however new specific regulation is under consideration.
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 8. Please explain the specific procedure, if any, to be applied to the goods which are not evident whether or not they infringe intellectual property rights, in Article 55 of the TRIPS Agreement.
As has been said above, the special course of legal action is not fixed. If the infringement of rights is not apparent, the custom authorities will ask the Industrial Property Office for its opinion.
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 9. Please explain the responsibility that the competent authorities and other related authorities take to the right holders when they fail to suspend the release into free circulation of goods which infringe intellectual property rights with regard to the suspension based on the Application or the Ex Officio Action stipulated in Article 58 of the TRIPS Agreement.
In case that the customs authorities did not fulfil their obligation stipulated in Section 60 of Law No. 180/1996 Coll. (see point 3) although they have known about the infringement of the intellectual property right or they should have known under the circumstances and consequently the damage has arisen, the State is responsible for the damage caused by inappropriate administrative proceedings according to Law No. 58/1969 Coll, Section 18 and following (Law on liability for injury suffered because of a State authority decision or because of wrong administrative procedure No. 58/1969 Coll.)
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 10. Please explain the responsibility that the competent authorities and other related authorities take to the right holders when they examine goods which infringe intellectual property rights and nevertheless release them into free circulation with regard to the suspension based on the Application or the Ex Officio Action stipulated in Article 58 of the TRIPS Agreement.
See the answer to question no. 9. It is necessary to add that the precondition for responsibility is an occurrence of damage as a loss of the property which can be objectively expressed in monetary terms. Jointly with the damages the party may also claim loss of profit.
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 11. Please explain the responsibility that the competent authorities and other related authorities take to the importers when they suspend the release into free circulation of goods which do not infringe intellectual property rights with regard to the suspension based on the Application or the Ex Officio Action stipulated in Article 58 of the TRIPS Agreement.
Also in this case the responsibilities may be considered in a sense of the answer to question no. 9 if it is possible to state and prove an incorrect administrative course of action, the presence of damage and nexus causalis between the action of a State body and damage inception.
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 12. Is the right holder informed of identities of the importers and consignors when the competent authorities "suspend" the goods which infringe on intellectual property rights or which are suspected to infringe intellectual property rights, as well as the case where the right holder is informed of identities of the importers and consignors stipulated in Article 57 of the TRIPS Agreement?
The Law does not contain special provision. In the practice, the customs authorities will require an opinion of the right holder and the Industrial Property Office. The right holder’s right to information on the origin of goods and documents attached are included in Section 25(2) of the Law on Trademarks No. 55/1997 Coll. This right can be enforced by the Court as well.
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 13. Please explain the measures to protect confidential information in the course of the inspection stipulated in Article 57 of the TRIPS Agreement. And please indicate provisions of laws and ordinances which prescribe such measures.
Generally, the obligation of confidentiality of customs authorities is laid down in Section 12 of Law No. 180/1996 Coll. In this way trade secrecy and confidential information are protected. The trade secrecy is defined by the Commercial Code in Sections 17 and 20 and determines also the circle of responsible persons, including third parties besides customs authorities. Revealing of or abusing trade secrecy may be considered as an act of unfair competition. This may also create the basis for compensation in damages as well as for penal sanction (Section 149 of the Penal Code).
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 14. Please explain the procedures of detentions and seizures to be ordered by the competent authorities based on Articles 51 and 55 of the TRIPS Agreement.
The Slovak legislation does not currently address the issues contained in Articles 51 55 and 59 of the TRIPS Agreement. Relevant legislation in this context is under consideration.
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 15. Please explain the procedures to appeal against any decisions ordered by the competent authorities based on Articles 51 and 55 of the TRIPS Agreement.
See reply to question no. 14 above.
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 16. Please explain the basis for calculating the security or equivalent assurance stipulated in Article 53 of the TRIPS Agreement that the competent authorities may require an applicant when they suspend the release into free circulation.
See reply to question no. 14 above.
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 17. Please explain who shall pay the cost of detentions based on Article 51 of the TRIPS Agreement or destruction stipulated in Article 59 of the TRIPS Agreement.
See reply to question no. 14 above.
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 18. Please explain what kind of cases are regarded as "the exceptional circumstances" in which the competent authorities may allow re exportation of counterfeit trademark goods stipulated in Article 59 of the TRIPS Agreement.
See reply to question no. 14 above.
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 19. Please indicate names of laws and ordinances and their provisions in which the suspension of the release of goods which infringe intellectual property rights or which are suspected to infringe intellectual property rights is prescribed, as stipulated in Article 51 of the TRIPS Agreement.
See reply to question no. 14 above.
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 20. Please indicate which intellectual property rights are protected based on the Application by a right holder.
See reply to question no. 14 above.
05/05/1999
IP/Q4/SVK/1 República Eslovaca Japón 21. Please explain kinds and contents of documents which shall be provided by the applicant to lodge the Application.
See reply to question no. 14 above.
05/05/1999

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