Examen de la legislación de aplicación del Acuerdo sobre los ADPIC - Búsqueda

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En el párrafo 2 del artículo 63 del Acuerdo sobre los ADPIC, se exige a los Miembros que notifiquen al Consejo de los ADPIC las leyes y los reglamentos hechos efectivos por el Miembro en cuestión y referentes a la materia del Acuerdo, con el fin de ayudar al Consejo en su examen de la aplicación del Acuerdo.

En esta página puede hacer búsquedas en las preguntas y respuestas de los Miembros sobre las leyes y los reglamentos notificados. Puede consultar los resultados de la búsqueda en la pantalla, descargarlos en formato Excel e imprimirlos. También puede descargar los distintos documentos.

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Signatura del documento Miembro que presenta la notificación Miembro que plantea la pregunta Pregunta Respuesta Fecha de distribución del documento  
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 30. Please state if your legislation provides for patent product protection of pharmaceutical and agricultural chemical products. In the affirmative, please indicate the legal reference.
At present, the Patents Act does not provide protection of pharmaceutical and agricultural chemical products. In fact, section 3A provides that pharmaceutical products and substances are exceptions to infringement of patent rights.
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 31. Please clarify if the patent protection of a process, as provided for in your legislation, covers the product obtained directly by that process.
The legislation does not cover the patent protection of a process or the product obtained directly by that process.
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 32. Please explain the additional conditions, if any, in your legislation other than the sufficient disclosure of the invention in Article 29 of the TRIPS Agreement (e.g. submission of justification for access to genetic material or prior inform consent to its use). If such additional conditions exist, please point out the relevant legislations and describe the additional conditions in detail.
There are no additional conditions other than the sufficient disclosure required in making the petition for a letters patent.
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 33. Please describe if your legislation provides for limited exceptions to the exclusive rights conferred by a patent. If affirmative, please make a reference to relevant legislation.
As stated above, Section 3A provides that "it is not an infringement of patents in pharmaceuticals for any person to make, construct, use or sell the patented invention in respect of a pharmaceutical product or substance, solely for uses reasonably related to the development and submission of information required under any law of the Fiji Islands or of another country that regulates the manufacture, construction, use or sale of such pharmaceutical product or substance."
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 34. Please explain whether or not your legislation provides for compulsory licensing. If so, please explain in detail the conditions under which a compulsory licence may be granted. In particular, please explain how your national legislation considers individual merits in the authorization of such use.
At present, the Patents Act does not provide for compulsory licensing.
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 35. Please explain how your legislation explicitly ensures that a proposed user has made efforts to obtain authorization from the right holder on reasonable commercial terms and conditions and that such efforts have not been successful within a reasonable period of time. In this context, how do you define "reasonable period of time". Please also explain how your legislation ensures that the use of a compulsory licence shall be authorised predominantly for the supply to the domestic market of the Member authorizing such use.
At present, the Patents Act does not provide for a proposed user to obtain authorization from a right holder.
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 36. Please state if your legislation grants additional protection for innovations after the 20 years of patent protection has lapsed.
At present, Section 4 of the Patents Act only allows 14 years of patent protection and there are no additional protections after this period has lapsed.
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 37. Please explain how your legislation provides for the enhanced patent protection of patents or patent applications pending on 1st January 1995.
The Patents Act does not provide for enhanced protection of patents or patent applications pending on 01/01/1995.
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 38. Please explain how your legislation provides for the reversal of the burden of proof in relation to process patents.
The Patents Act does not provide for the reversal of burden of proof.
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 39. Please describe how your legislation protects Topographies.
Response to Questions 39 to 42). At present, the legislation does not provide for topographies.
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 40. Please explain what protection your national legislation grants to right holders against the unlawful importation, sale or distribution for commercial purposes of topographies including integrated circuits or other articles in which a topography is incorporated in accordance with Article 36 of the TRIPS Agreement.
Response to Questions 39 to 42). At present, the legislation does not provide for topographies.
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 42. Please state the term of protection granted by your legislation to topographies.
Response to Questions 39 to 42). At present, the legislation does not provide for topographies.
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 41. Please explain how your legislation provides for the derogation from Article 36 as specified in Article 37 of the TRIPS Agreement where a person has no knowledge or reasonable grounds to know when acquiring an integrated circuit or an article incorporating such an integrated circuit that it contains an unlawful topography.
Response to Questions 39 to 42). At present, the legislation does not provide for topographies.
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 43. Please explain whether or not your legislation grants a defined period of time for the protection of undisclosed information. If so, please give the time span.
(Response to Questions 43 and 44). At present, the legislation does not address protection of undisclosed information
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 44. Please explain how your legislation defines undisclosed information.
(Response to Questions 43 and 44). At present, the legislation does not address protection of undisclosed information
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 45. Please explain how your legislation defines data submitted to governments or governmental agencies.
While sections 58 to 61 of the Copyright Act prescribe the use of copyright material by the State, rights of third parties in respect of State use, proceedings against the State, and Acts done under statutory authority, at present the legislation does not define data submitted to governments or governmental authorities.
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 46. Please describe how your legislation provides for effective action against infringement of intellectual property rights.
Pursuant to section 109 of the Trade-marks Act, an infringement of copyright is actionable by the copyright owner. Reliefs are obtained by way of damages, injunctions, accounts, or otherwise is available to the plaintiff as is available in respect of the infringement of any other property right. Furthermore, section 111 prescribes delivery up in civil proceedings if a person has possession, custody or control of an object specifically designed or adapted for making copies of a copyright work and that object has been used or is to be used to make infringing copies. In addition, section 112 allows the copyright holder or a person authorized by the copyright owner to seize and detain an infringing copy of a work which is found exposed or otherwise immediately available for sale or hire. Section 113 extends the rights of exclusive licensee's the same right and remedies under sections 109, 110, 111 and 112, after the grant of a license, as if the license were an assignment. Please note that under the Patents Act, infringement action can only be brought to the high court for UK patents
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 47. Please explain whether or not your legislation provides for a mechanism to appeal to judicial bodies of final administrative decisions.
The TM Act prescribes under section 11 that in the case of refusal or conditional acceptance by the Solicitor-General to register a trade-mark, shall be subject to appeal to the high court. Further, the Act provides under section 13(5) that the decision of the Solicitor-General after hearing parties on opposition to registration, shall be subject to appeal to the high court. Also, section 32 provides that where a person is entitled by assignment, transmission or other operation of law to a registered trade-mark, he or she shall make an application to the Solicitor-General to register his or her title. Any decision of the Solicitor-General under this section is also subject to appeal to the court. Under the Patents Act, section 13 provides that the Attorney-General's decision in refusing a provisional certificate can be appealed to the court. Further, under section 15, if a person opposes an application for a letters patent, if the decision of the Attorney-General is adverse to the party holding the provisional certificate, that person may appeal such decision to the court.
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 48. Please describe how your legislation authorizes judges to order production of evidence by the opposing party. Please give precise information on what measures are taken to ensure the protection of confidential information.
Section 213 of the Copyright Act allows the Tribunal to issue a witness summons to a person requiring the person to appear before the Tribunal to give evidence. Failure to attend incurs a penalty of $2000.00. At present, neither the Patent Act nor Trade-mark Act contain provisions which authorize judges to order production of evidence. The Patents Act at present has no provision on the protection of confidential information.
20/05/2016
IP/Q3/FJI/1, IP/Q/FJI/1, IP/Q2/FJI/1, IP/Q4/FJI/1 Fiji Unión Europea 49. Please quote provisions of your legislation that authorize judges to order a defendant to desist from an infringement.
Under the Copyright Act, the court can order injunctions pursuant to sections 109(2), 110(3), 115(3) and 191(a).
20/05/2016

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