[Trade]marks and Patents Art. 473 of the Criminal Code (CRC) - Counterfeiting or altering Italian or foreign [trade]marks, patents, designs or models, or making use thereof: imprisonment for up to 3 years and a fine of up to Lit 4 million. Art. 474 CRC - Introducing into the State, holding for sale, commercially distributing or circulating intellectual works or industrial products bearing counterfeited or altered [trade]marks: imprisonment for up to 2 years and a fine of up to Lit 4 million. Art. 514 CRC - Offering for sale or circulating intellectual works or industrial products bearing counterfeited [trade]names, [trade]marks or distinctive signs, thereby causing harm to national industry: imprisonment for between 1 and 5 years and a fine of not less than Lit 1 million. Art. 517 CRC - Offering for sale or circulating intellectual works or industrial products bearing [trade]names, [trade]marks or distinctive signs likely to mislead the purchaser as to the origin, source and quality of the product: imprisonment for up to 1 year or a fine of up to Lit 2 million. Copyright CS, Art. 171 - Without prejudice to the provisions of Art. 171-bis, any person shall be punishable by a fine of from Lit 100,000 to 4,000,000 who, without having the right, and for any purpose and in any form: (a)reproduces, transcribes, recites in public, disseminates, sells or offers for sale, or otherwise commercially distributes the work of another person, or reveals the contents of such work before it is made public, or introduces or circulates within the State copies produced abroad contrary to Italian Law; (b)performs or recites in public or diffuses, with or without variations or additions, the work of another person suitable for public performance, or a musical composition. Performance includes the public showing of a cinematographic work, the performance in public of musical compositions included in cinematographic works, and broadcasting by means of a loudspeaker operated in public; (c)commits the acts indicated in the preceding clauses by means of any of the forms of elaboration referred to in this law; (d)reproduces copies or gives performances in excess of the number which he had the right to reproduce or perform; (e)[repealed]; and (f)in violation of Art. 79, retransmits by wire or by broadcasting, or records upon phonographic records or other like contrivances, radiophonic transmissions or retransmissions, or sells phonographic records or other contrivances which have been unlawfully made. The punishment shall be imprisonment up to one year or a fine of not less than Lit 1,000,000 if the acts referred to above are committed in relation to a work of another person which is not intended for public disclosure, or by usurpation of the authorship of the work, or with deformation, mutilation or other modification of the work and such acts constitute an offence against the honour or reputation of the author. CS, Art. 171-bis 1. Whoever unlawfully duplicates computer programs for purposes of gain, or imports, distributes, sells, holds for commercial purposes or leases the said programs, for the selfsame purposes and being aware or having reason to be aware of the fact that such copies were not authorized, shall be punished by imprisonment for between three months and three years and by a fine of between 500,000 and 6,000,000 liras. The same punishment shall apply if the act concerns any contrivance intended exclusively for allowing or facilitating the unauthorized removal or the operational disconnection of protection devices for computer programs. The punishment shall be not less than imprisonment for six months and a fine of 1,000,000 liras if the offence is serious or if the program which was unlawfully duplicated, imported, distributed, sold, held for commercial purposes or leased had been previously distributed, sold or leased on media bearing the mark of the Italian Authors' and Publishers' Association [S.I.A.E.] pursuant to this law and to the relevant Regulations as per Royal Decree No. 1369 of 18 May 1942. 2. Conviction for any of the offences as per paragraph 1 shall entail publication of the judgment in one or more newspapers and in one or more specialized magazines. Law of 20 July 1985, No. 4 1. Imprisonment for between three months and three years and a fine of between 500,000 and 6,000,000 liras shall be imposed on any person who unlawfully duplicates or reproduces, for purposes of gain and by whatever means, cinematographic works intended for cinematographic or television distribution or, though not participating in the duplication or reproduction, commercially distributes, holds for sale, introduces into the State's territory for purposes of gain, performs a public showing of or broadcasts by television the aforesaid duplications or reproductions. The punishment shall be not less than imprisonment for six months and a fine of 1,000,000 liras if the offence is especially serious. 2. Conviction for any of the offences as per the above paragraph shall entail publication of the judgment in one or more newspapers and in one or more specialized magazines. Decree-Law of 26 January 1987, converted, with amendments, into Law No. 121 of 27 March 1987 - Art. 2: 1. The provisions of Law No. 400 of 20 July 1985 shall apply to the sale or lease of videotapes reproducing cinematographic works which do not bear the mark of the Italian Authors' and Publishers' Association [S.I.A.E.] pursuant to Law No. 633 of 22 April 1941, for the protection of copyright and other rights connected with the exercise thereof, and to the relevant Regulations as per Royal Decree No. 1369 of 18 May 1942. 2. The penalties as per Law No. 400 of 20 July 1985 shall apply to any person selling music cassettes which do not bear the mark of the Italian Authors' and Publishers' Association [S.I.A.E.] pursuant to the provisions of copyright and other rights connected with the exercise thereof mentioned under paragraph 1. Law No. 159 of 22 May 1993: 1. An administrative sanction consisting in the payment of a sum between Lit 1 million and Lit 3 million, up to a maximum of Lit 10 million if the offence is especially serious, shall be imposed on any person who reproduces for purposes of gain and by whatever means, without being authorized to do so, the layout of literary, dramatic, scientific, instructional or musical works, or of portions thereof, which are protected by Law No. 633 of 22 April 1941, as subsequently amended, or who, though not participating in the said reproduction, but having knowledge thereof, commercially distributes, holds for sale or introduces into the State, for purposes of gain, the aforesaid reproductions.