Rapport des pays développés Membres sur la mise en œuvre de l'article 66:2 de l'Accord sur les ADPIC (au sujet du transfert de technologie aux PMA) ‒ Afficher les détails du document

Australia

1  OVERVIEW

1.  Australia is committed to implementing Article 66.2 of the TRIPS Agreement. Australia is also committed to sharing information with other WTO Members about incentives and support it offers enterprises and institutions to promote and encourage technology transfer to least developed country Members (LDCs) .

2.  This is a full report in respect of Article 66.2 which builds upon annual update reports provided in 2012 (document IP/C/W/580/Add.2 ), 2013 (document IP/C/W/594/Add.7 ), 2014 (document  IP/C/W/602 ), 2015 (document IP/C/W/611/Add.4 ), 2016 (document  IP/C/W/616/Add.1 ), 2017 (document IP/C/W/631/Add.1/Rev.1 ), 2018 (document IP/C/W/646/Add.2 ), 2019 (document  IP/C/W/656/Add.3 ), 2020 (document IP/C/R/TTI/AUS/1 ), 2021 (document  IP/C/R/TTI/AUS/2 ) and 2022 (document  IP/C/R/TTI/AUS/3 ) . It is submitted in accordance with the TRIPS Council's decision of 20 February 2003 on implementation of Article 66.2 of the TRIPS Agreement (document IP/C/28 ) . Consistent with that decision, developed country Members are to provide annual reports on actions taken or planned in pursuance of their Article 66.2 commitments. The report focuses on incentives that are either targeted specifically at LDCs or at a group of countries which includes an LDC.

3.  In this report, technology transfer is taken to include training, education and the dissemination of knowledge, as well as the intellectual property embedded in transferred goods and services and the dissemination of business information and know-how on which a product, process or service is based.

4.  This report focuses on Australia's efforts to help LDCs create the conditions essential to encourage technology transfer. Technical cooperation in favour of least developed and developing countries to facilitate the TRIPS Agreement's implementation is another discrete obligation, on which Australia reports separately. Australia recognises that some technical cooperation activities may help to create an environment conducive to the creation or acquisition of technologies.

5.  In Australia, many incentives for technology transfer take the form of official development assistance (ODA) . These incentives align with Australia's strategic focus on using aid as a catalyst to promote sustainable economic growth and poverty reduction. Since 2012, Australia has provided AUD 5.8 million of aid for trade funding to the Australia-World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Funds in Trust (FiT) program, to assist technology and knowledge transfer to least-developed and developing countries in the Indo-Pacific region. The third phase of this program (FiT3) concluded in March 2022. The Australian Government is currently considering funding a further phase of the program, (FiT4), which would build on previous themes, continuing support for a range of intellectual property (IP) capacity building activities to: help establish national IP systems; support accession to WIPO-administered treaties; assist development of legal frameworks and infrastructure for effective knowledge transfer, especially to assist marginalised groups; and increase access to educational materials for the visually impaired. In March 2022, the activities under FiT3 were completed. There were delays and postponement of activities due to global COVID-19 health concerns and subsequent travel restrictions. Development of a judicial toolkit on IP adjudication ('IP benchbook') for judges and judicial officers directed to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has begun. The IP benchbook is intended to be an important judicial resource, serving as a core element of future judicial capacity building programs for judges and judicial officers.

6.  Enterprises and institutions eligible for funding to deliver projects and activities to facilitate technology transfer include government agencies and public institutions, non-government organisations, independent consultants and experts, and universities and research organisations.

7.  Australian aid has been untied since 2006, allowing non-Australian organisations to bid for contracts to supply goods and services under bilateral and multilateral development assistance programmes. Untied aid helps ensure activities represent value for money, are cost-effective and attract the best-available global expertise, thereby achieving the best development results. Consistent with this, Australia's aid-funded incentives for technology transfer are not restricted to Australian institutions and enterprises.

8.  Australia recognises that LDC Members are interested in the outcomes of technology transfer activities. This report's annex includes specific examples of relevant programs and projects in the format suggested by LDCs (document IP/C/W/561 ), including work done to deliver safe, effective and accessible COVID-19 immunisation programs.

laurence.sandral@dfat.gov.au

Liste des programmes/projets

Cliquez pour obtenir plus de renseignements
# Nom du programme ou du projet Membre(s) bénéficiaire(s) Catégorie technologique  
1 Australia Awards
Other
2 Research on Climate Change Using Nuclear and Isotopic Techniques, under the auspices of the Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA)
Bangladesh
Climate change mitigation technology
3 ASEAN Regional Diagnostic Network Project
Brunéi Darussalam; Cambodge; Indonésie; Malaisie; Myanmar; Philippines; République démocratique populaire lao; Singapour; Thaïlande; Viet Nam
Environmentally friendly or sustainable technology; Food and agriculture
4 Demonstrating the impact on trade and regional plant protection of streamlined information systems for pest surveillance and reporting
Cambodge; Malaisie; Myanmar; Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée; Philippines; République démocratique populaire lao; Thaïlande; Viet Nam
Environmentally friendly or sustainable technology; Food and agriculture
5 Asia-Pacific Metrology Programme (APMP) and Asia Pacific Legal Metrology Forum (APLMF)
Bangladesh; Cambodge; Fidji; Myanmar; Népal; Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée; République démocratique populaire lao
Other
6 Regional Cooperative Agreement (RCA) – ongoing projects
Bangladesh; Cambodge; Chine; Corée, République de; Fidji; Indonésie; Japon; Malaisie; Mongolie; Myanmar; Népal; Pakistan; Philippines; République démocratique populaire lao; Singapour; Sri Lanka; Thaïlande; Viet Nam
Information and communications technology; Climate change mitigation technology; Other
7 Indo-Pacific Regulatory Strengthening Program 2018-2023
Cambodge; Indonésie; Malaisie; Myanmar; Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée; Philippines; République démocratique populaire lao; Thaïlande; Viet Nam
Other
8 ASEAN-Australia Health Security Fellowships
Cambodge; Myanmar; République démocratique populaire lao; Viet Nam
Other
9 Pacific Infectious Disease Prevention (PIDP)
Fidji; Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée; Samoa; Tonga; Vanuatu
Health-related technology; Other
10 ASEAN-Pacific Infectious Disease Detection and Response (APIDDaR)
Cambodge; Fidji; Îles Salomon; Indonésie; Myanmar; Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée; République démocratique populaire lao; Vanuatu
Other
11 Research for One Health System Strengthening - Collaboration on One Health Economic Research for Systems (COHERES)
Cambodge; République démocratique populaire lao; Viet Nam
Other
12 Stronger Systems for Health Security - Surveillance Training, Research Opportunities and National Guidelines for communicable disease control in Timor-Leste (STRONG TL)
Other
13 The Pacific Biosecurity Partnership Program (PBPP) (new phase 2020-2024)
Fidji; Îles Salomon; Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée; Samoa; Tonga; Vanuatu
Other
14 The Pacific Horticultural and Agricultural Market Access Program (PHAMA) Plus (new phase 2018-2022)
Fidji; Îles Salomon; Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée; Samoa; Tonga; Vanuatu
Other
15 Pacific Quality Infrastructure Initiative (PQI): Phase 2
Îles Salomon
Other
16 Australian Expert Technical Assistance Program for Regional COVID-19 Vaccine Access (AETAP)
Cambodge; Fidji; Îles Salomon; Indonésie; Malaisie; Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée; Philippines; République démocratique populaire lao; Samoa; Tonga; Vanuatu; Viet Nam
Health-related technology; Other
17 Pacific Quality Infrastructure Initiative (PQI): Phase 2 (Pacific)
Îles Salomon
Other
18 Funding arrangement - PACER Plus Implementation Unit (Pacific) (2021 – 2025)
Îles Salomon
Other
19 Regional Collaborations Programme COVID-19 Digital Grants
Bangladesh; Cambodge; Chine; Inde; Indonésie; Japon; Malaisie; Népal; Pakistan; Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée; Philippines; Singapour; Sri Lanka; Thaïlande; Viet Nam
Health-related technology
20 Australian Water Partnership
Cambodge; Myanmar; République démocratique populaire lao
Other
21 Cambodia Australia Partnership for Resilient Economic Development (CAPRED)
Cambodge
Food and agriculture