138. Thank you for the opportunity to speak to New Zealand's report on the implementation of Article 66.2, document IP/C/R/TTI/NZL/2. New Zealand encourages technology transfer to LDCs through various methods, including: a. promoting an economic environment that enables New Zealand enterprises and institutions to transfer technology abroad; b. encouraging global trade in goods, services and labour mobility; c. facilitating a strong intellectual property environment; and d. through various bilateral and regional development programmes. 139. At the heart of our technology transfer efforts is the New Zealand Aid Programme. We see technology transfer as fundamental to achieving sustainable development and poverty reduction in developing countries, through the investment of money, knowledge and skills. With a strong focus on the Pacific, New Zealand's Official Development Assistance (ODA) was boosted in 2018, with an additional funding commitment of NZD 714 million, increasing the overall ODA funds to NZD 2.218 billion for the period 2018 – 2021. 60% of our ODA went to the Pacific during this period, but there are multiple examples of technology transfer projects beyond our immediate Pacific neighbours. To provide a few examples: a. in Zambia, New Zealand has undertaken a 7-year, NZD 7.4 million dairy activity to strengthen emerging dairy value chains through knowledge transfer on animal health and dairy business practices. Approximately 600 participating farmers have experienced improved yields, reduced costs of production and increased profits. b. in Myanmar, Plant and Food Research, a New Zealand Crown Research Institute, is partnering with Proximity Design, a Myanmar Social Enterprise, in a six-year NZD 7.9 million project to improve the productivity, income and resilience of smallholder vegetable farmers and to reduce post-harvest losses. 140. The New Zealand – Africa Geothermal Facility (NZ-AGF) is a NZD 10.2 million partnership with the African Union Commission. Since the 2017/18 financial year, it has provided geothermal technical assistance to support the development of the geothermal sector in East African countries. It is open to 11 eligible countries including ten LDCs. 141. These projects not only directly provide for the transfer of technology and know-how but enable commercial operations which attract further technology transfer through partnership with the private sector. New Zealand remains committed to technology transfer efforts and encouraging and enabling enterprises and institutions to further their technological collaboration.