Minutes - TRIPS Council - View details of the intervention/statement

H.E. Ambassador Dr Lansana GBERIE

138.   Thank you for the opportunity to speak to New Zealand's report on the implementation of Article 66.2, document IP/C/R/TTI/NZL/2. New Zealand encourages technology transfer to LDCs through various methods, including: a. promoting an economic environment that enables New Zealand enterprises and institutions to transfer technology abroad; b. encouraging global trade in goods, services and labour mobility; c. facilitating a strong intellectual property environment; and d. through various bilateral and regional development programmes. 139.   At the heart of our technology transfer efforts is the New Zealand Aid Programme. We see technology transfer as fundamental to achieving sustainable development and poverty reduction in developing countries, through the investment of money, knowledge and skills. With a strong focus on the Pacific, New Zealand's Official Development Assistance (ODA) was boosted in 2018, with an additional funding commitment of NZD 714 million, increasing the overall ODA funds to NZD 2.218 billion for the period 2018 – 2021. 60% of our ODA went to the Pacific during this period, but there are multiple examples of technology transfer projects beyond our immediate Pacific neighbours. To provide a few examples: a. in Zambia, New Zealand has undertaken a 7-year, NZD 7.4 million dairy activity to strengthen emerging dairy value chains through knowledge transfer on animal health and dairy business practices. Approximately 600 participating farmers have experienced improved yields, reduced costs of production and increased profits. b. in Myanmar, Plant and Food Research, a New Zealand Crown Research Institute, is partnering with Proximity Design, a Myanmar Social Enterprise, in a six-year NZD 7.9 million project to improve the productivity, income and resilience of smallholder vegetable farmers and to reduce post-harvest losses. 140.   The New Zealand – Africa Geothermal Facility (NZ-AGF) is a NZD 10.2 million partnership with the African Union Commission. Since the 2017/18 financial year, it has provided geothermal technical assistance to support the development of the geothermal sector in East African countries. It is open to 11 eligible countries including ten LDCs. 141.   These projects not only directly provide for the transfer of technology and know-how but enable commercial operations which attract further technology transfer through partnership with the private sector. New Zealand remains committed to technology transfer efforts and encouraging and enabling enterprises and institutions to further their technological collaboration.

The Council took note of the statements made and agreed to revert to the matter at its next meeting.
44. The Chair turned to the Council's 20th annual review of developed country Members' reports on their implementation of Article 66.2 of the TRIPS Agreement. Under a Council decision of February 2003, developed country Members are to submit annual reports on actions taken or planned in pursuance of their commitments under Article 66.2 of the TRIPS Agreement. New detailed reports are required every third year, and updates in the intervening years.
45. He recalled that in July 2022, the Council had requested developed country Members to submit updates to their seventh set of new detailed reports in time for the present meeting, and the Secretariat had since circulated a reminder. He also noted that the LDC Group had submitted a proposal of a template for the submission of reports on commitments of developed countries under Article 66.2.
46. He noted that the Council had received new reports from Switzerland, New Zealand, Australia, Norway, Japan, the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States. Since the circulation of the revised draft agenda the European Union had also submitted its report. This documentation was being circulated under the new dedicated document series with the symbol where "R" stands for "Reports" and "TTI" stands for "Technology Transfer Incentives".
47. He said that paragraph 2 of the Council's Decision on the Implementation of Article 66.2 states that the annual review should provide Members with an opportunity to pose questions in relation to the information submitted and request additional information; discuss the effectiveness of the incentives provided in promoting and encouraging technology transfer to least developed country Members in order to enable them to create a sound and viable technological base; and consider any points relating to the operation of the reporting procedure established by the Decision.
48. Some of the information by developed country Members had been received only very recently, and most of it was, so far, available only in its original language. He therefore intended for Members to have an opportunity to make further comments at the next meeting of the Council. This would give Members a chance to study the information recently circulated and any additional information subsequently received.
49. The Chair announced that the Secretariat was once again planning to hold the Article 66.2 Workshop in March 2023, back-to-back with the first TRIPS Council meeting of the year. This would allow LDCs sufficient time to absorb the information provided by developed countries in their reports and would also ensure that these reports are translated. It would further be an opportunity to discuss the LDC Groups' proposal for a template for reporting on commitments under this Article. He indicated that the Workshop would comprise two days of workshop sessions, and a reporting and review segment within the first TRIPS Council meeting of 2023.
50. The representatives of the; the European Union; Australia; the United Kingdom; New Zealand; the United States of America; Japan; Switzerland; Canada; South Africa; Bangladesh, on behalf of the LDC Group; and India took the floor.
51. The Chair suggested that Members be given an opportunity to continue considering the information provided at our next meeting.
52. The Council took note of the statements made and agreed to revert to the matter at its next meeting.
IP/C/M/106, IP/C/M/106/Add.1