United States of America
Copyright and Related Rights
3. Please explain whether and how Finland protects against both the direct and indirect reproduction of phonograms as required by TRIPS Article 14.2, including by digital transmission in the context of interactive services.
(a)Direct and indirect reproduction According to Article 46 of the Finnish Copyright Act, a phonogram may not be copied or distributed to the public until 50 years have elapsed from the year during which the recording took place. This right in the same way as the right of reproduction of authors has always been interpreted as covering both direct and indirect reproduction. The distance between the place where the original exists and the place where the copy is established has no significance. (b)Reproduction by digital transmission The general rule applies.