European Union
United Arab Emirates
Layout-designs (Topographies) of Integrated Circuits
41. Please explain what protection your national legislation grants to right holders against the unlawful importation, sale or distribution for commercial purposes of topographies including integrated circuits or other articles in which a topography is incorporated in accordance with Article 36 of the TRIPS Agreement.
The 1992 Copyright and Neighbouring Rights Law and the amendment foreseen provide for preventive measures, including imprisonment and payment of fine, for anyone who manufacture or import unlawfully for the purpose of sale or rental of any equipment, instruments, or apparatus designed or prepared for the purpose of fraud against any technology used by the author or the holder of the neighbouring right.