For copyright cases, see also the replies to questions 5 and 7.
[Answer 5: In patent, copyright and trademark cases, the judicial authorities have the authority to stop and to release goods. In patent cases, remedies can be pursued for loss, damages, expenses of attorney fees, destruction, etc. The remedies are also regulated by the General Rule of the Code of Civil Procedure (section 1365 of the Code of Civil Procedure). The Criminal Procedure Code and the Administration Code can also be applied for intellectual property right laws such as those on patents, trademarks and copyright. In copyright cases, the copyright holder has the right to lodge a claim for damages at the district court against any infringement of his/her work. The author can also request confiscation of all infringing products made of his/her work. The copyright holder is also entitled to request the district court to order the return all of the money gained from the copyright infringement. In order to prevent greater losses to a party whose right has been infringed, the judge may order the infringer to stop the publication, reproduction and distribution, and seize all works or goods resulting from copyright infringement.]
[Answer 7: In patent and trademark cases, relating to the indemnification of defendants wrongfully enjoined, the public authorities are not liable for any wrong decisions by the Court. In a civil case, the State, either as a right holder or infringer, will be treated as a private party. Furthermore, the defendant may bring a counterclaim against the plaintiff to restore any damage to his reputation or to compensate his loss. In copyright cases, according to Copyright Law Nº 12 of 1997, article 42(2), if the defendant acted in good faith and had no knowledge of the infringing nature of his or her product, he or she owes a fair payment for goods held by the court as part of the case.]