195. During the period from November 2013 to September 2014, WIPO provided legislative and policy advice on patents that referred to or included considerations regarding paragraph 6 of the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health as follows:
At the request of eight Member States, the WIPO Secretariat prepared comments on draft laws which included reference to, or implemented, paragraph 6 of the Doha Declaration.
In the framework of legislative assistance on patents, matters related to health policies, including paragraph 6 of the Doha Declaration, were also addressed in the context of two missions that were undertaken to capitals and two consultations that took place in WIPO headquarters in Geneva.
Legislative implementation of patent law matters, including the international legal framework provided by the TRIPS Agreement, was addressed in the following seminars or meetings:
i. WIPO Sub-Regional Workshop on Patent Law and Policy, Santiago, Chile, 3-4 December 2013;
ii. WIPO National Workshop on Patent Policy and its Legislative Implementation, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, 29-30 April 2014; and
iii. WIPO Regional Seminar on Issues of Patent Protection for Medicines, Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic, 28-29 May 2014
WIPO staff participated in WTO Seminars, where the topic of patent-related flexibilities, including paragraph 6 of the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health has been dealt with, as follows:
i. National Seminar on the WTO TRIPS Agreement, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 12-13 November 2013;
ii. WTO National Workshop on the TRIPS Agreement, Naypyidaw, Myanmar, 20-21 November 2013;
iii. WTO National Seminar on Public Policies concerning the TRIPS Agreement, El Salvador, San Salvador, 21-23 January 2014;
iv. WTO Workshop on the TRIPS Agreement and IP related matters, Port Louis, Mauritius, 5-7 March 2014;
v. WTO Annual Workshop on IP and Public Health, Geneva, 10-13 December 2013; and
vi. WIPO-WTO Colloquium for Teachers of IP, Geneva, Switzerland, 16-27 June 2014.
196. WIPO's legislative assistance is consistently based on the multilateral legal framework. More recently, a number of national authorities in charge of drafting laws have sought advice from WIPO regarding how to use the available multilateral flexibilities so as to accommodate particular national interests that are specific to their countries. Since Paragraph 6 of the Doha Declaration is part of those flexibilities which are considered by several countries as part of their access-to-medicine policies, this issue is regularly covered by WIPO legislative and policy assistance.
197. The following is an update on WIPO Re:Search:
• As reported to the TRIPS Council in October 2013, WIPO Re:Search is a platform launched by WIPO with the participation of the public and private sector. Its purpose is to catalyze more research for Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs), malaria, and TB through the sharing of IP assets between researchers in this field. NTDs, malaria and TB affect more than one billion people globally, and usually affect the most disadvantaged populations in developing countries. To generate more investment in innovation directed at these diseases, WIPO worked with public and private sector partners and created WIPO Re:Search in 2011. Its purpose is to create a new mechanism to facilitate the sharing of IP assets between public and private sector partners. For example, private sector companies have large libraries of pharmaceutical compounds and related information, but they are not generally investing substantially in NTD research. Yet, this information could be valuable to researchers that are focusing on these diseases. WIPO Re:Search was launched on 26 October 2011, with about 30 members, including pharmaceutical companies, research institutions and a range of public and private entities as members.
• To date, WIPO Re:Search has more than tripled its membership, with 92 members currently.
• Importantly, WIPO Re:Search has more than 17 members from the African continent, representing the public and private sectors, and academia.
• 14 new Members, including a major private sector company, have joined since our report to the TRIPS Council in 2013.
• Over 79 collaborations have been initiated, and more are in development. There were approximately 30 in October 2013.
• Four scientists, from Egypt, South Africa, Nigeria, and Cameroon have completed research sabbaticals at WIPO Re:Search Members in Switzerland, India, and the United States. A fifth scientist, from Ghana, will return to the University of California, San Francisco, USA, to complete the second half of his sabbatical. This programme, funded by the Government of Australia, has become one of the most successful examples of capacity building and knowledge transfer facilitated by WIPO Re:Search. The programme is likely to be extended in 2015.
• An additional example of technical assistance and capacity building provided by WIPO Re:Search is the upcoming Intellectual Property Management Workshop organized by WIPO with the financial support of the Government of Australia in November 2014. Fifteen scientists from a range of African countries will benefit from this programme, which is one of the 'supporting services' of WIPO Re:Search.
The WIPO Re:Search website (http://www.wiporesearch.org/) provides further information.