Actas - Consejo de los ADPIC - Ver detalles de la intervención/declaración

Ambassador Al-Otaibi (Kingdom of Saudi-Arabia) and Ambassador Alfredo Suescum (Panama)
Unión Europea
271. I would like to very briefly introduce some highlights of our extensive report on technology transfer and to give you a few examples of the programmes and the support that has been put in place. In this year's report we have shown that LDCs have been strongly supported by the EU research programmes. We have our European Framework Programme. Pursuant to this programme LDCs received approximately €40 million for health projects. Many of the funded projects were still on-going in 2014. 272. In 2014 the first call of the Horizon 2020 on health was launched. A number of LDCs were funded, and they received a contribution of over €7million. These include Bangladesh, Nepal Mozambique, Senegal, Uganda and Burkina Faso. A lot of health research and innovation in 2014 was carried out in the framework and against the background of the Ebola outbreak. Let me give you a summary of the main programmes and the related EU contribution. The emergency research response 273. After the declaration of a global emergency in August 2014, the European Commission quickly mobilised €24.4million in September 2014 from Horizon 2020, its research and innovation programme, via an exceptional procedure. Work on the funded projects began already on 1 November 2014. 274. Five projects are being funded under this procedure, including a trial of the most advanced vaccine against Ebola being developed by GSK with a European Commission financial contribution of €15.1 million. This vaccine is already being tested in humans, with promising results being seen so far. Other projects are studying the potential therapeutic effect on Ebola patients of an existing treatment against influenza (favipiravir), plasma from survivors, and serum from antibody-producing horses. A further project is working on the transmission of the virus and the clinical importance of its mutations. 275. Additionally we have an important partnership which is called the European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership where again the EU added Ebola to the list of diseases that could be covered in this programme and has urged partners to mobilise funding from the participating States to increase the budget from 2014 and 2015 and to coordinate relevant research activities. There are more details about this programme on the website that we provide in our report. 276. We have also programmes from member States. Ireland works with Higher education institutions in LDC partner countries. For example, Uganda, Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, Ethiopia, Malawi, Lesotho, Sierra Leone to implement digital projects. Among others, the establishment of a digital media programme will support the emergence of a sustainable indigenous capital media industry in Zambia. The completion of Geographical Information Systems database can demonstrate spatial aspects of water and health in Makondo, Uganda. 277. We have also reported about HIV/AIDS – connecting public administration, policy and communities which includes a workshop planned for early next year to develop shared curricular material, and in an e-learning format, which can be used in institutions in, Tanzania and Uganda. 278. We also report about UK-financed programmes to support the African Agricultural Technology Foundation. We have extended this list of programmes with high values to show that the EU continues to translate its obligation into concrete technology transfer and projects that are fairly successful and with the cooperation of the recipient countries.
The Council took note of the statements made and agreed to provide an opportunity for Members to make further comments on the information submitted at its next meeting.
11.1. The Chairman recalled that, at its meeting in February 2003, the Council had adopted a decision on the "Implementation of Article 66.2 of the TRIPS Agreement". Paragraph 1 of the Decision provided that developed country Members shall submit annually reports on actions taken or planned in pursuance of their commitments under Article 66.2. To this end, they were to provide new detailed reports every third year and, in the intervening years, provide updates to their most recent reports. These reports were to be submitted prior to the last Council meeting scheduled for the year in question.

11.2. The fourth set of detailed annual reports under the Decision had been presented to the Council's meeting in November 2012 and updates had been provided in 2013 and 2014. At its last meeting in June, the Council had requested developed country Members to submit the fifth set of detailed annual reports for the present meeting. The Secretariat had issued on 19 June 2015 an airgram (WTO/AIR/IP/3) to remind developed country Members of this request.

11.3. To date, the Council had received the fifth set of detailed annual reports from the following developed country Members: Japan, New Zealand, Canada, Switzerland, Australia, the United States, and Norway (IP/C/W/611 and addenda). The report submitted by the European Union and individual member States, namely Austria, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Ireland, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom, had been made available as a room document on documents online and would also be circulated as an addendum to document IP/C/W/611.

11.4. As regards the purpose and conduct of the review of this information, it should be recalled that paragraph 2 of the Decision on the Implementation of Article 66.2 of the TRIPS Agreement explained that the annual review meetings shall provide Members with an opportunity to pose questions in relation to the information submitted and request additional information; discuss the effectiveness of the incentives provided in promoting and encouraging technology transfer to least developed country Members in order to enable them to create a sound and viable technological base; and consider any points relating to the operation of the reporting procedure established by the Decision. Since some of the information had been received only very recently, and most of it was available only in its original language, the Chairman proposed that an opportunity be provided at the Council's next meeting for Members to make further comments on the information submitted for this meeting and also to comment on any additional information that might yet be provided before that meeting.

11.5. He informed that, for the eighth year in a row, the WTO Secretariat would be organizing, at the request by LDC Members, a workshop on transfer of technology under Article 66.2 on 19 October 2015. It would bring together LDC and developed country experts to discuss this matter at a very practical level, building on the earlier workshops. He noted that in order to record the questions posed to reporting developed country Members on the occasion of the previous Workshop held on 27 October 2014, a compilation of these questions had been circulated to delegations by the WTO Secretariat on 6 July 2015.

11.6. The representatives of the European Union and New Zealand took the floor.

11.7. The Council took note of the statements made and agreed to provide an opportunity for Members to make further comments on the information submitted at its next meeting.

IP/C/M/80, IP/C/M/80/Add.1