Unión Europea
Estados Unidos de América
Observancia de los derechos de propiedad intelectual
[Follow-up questions from the EC] Could the US explain in detail how damages are calculated for infringements of copyright and related rights, trademarks, geographical indications (including appellations of origin), patents, semiconductor topographies and undisclosed information?
As stated in response to an item under EC question 7, calculation of damages is based on the evidence provided by the parties. Publicly available legal treatises discuss damages in detail in relation to each form of intellectual property, citing and quoting from relevant cases. See, for example, regarding copyright, Nimmer on Copyright, Melville B. Nimmer and David Nimmer, published by Matthew Bender; The Law of Copyright, Howard B. Abrams, Clark Boardman Callaghan publisher; regarding trademarks, McCarthy on Trademarks and Unfair Competition, Third Edition, Thomas McCarthy, Clark Boardman Callaghan; Trademark Protection and Practice, Gerome Gelson and Jeffrey M. Samuels, Matthew Bender; regarding patents and industrial designs, Lipscomb's Walker on Patents, 3rd Edition, Ernest Bainbridge Lipscomb III, Clark Boardman Callaghan; Chisum on Patents, Donald S. Chisum, Matthew Bender; and regarding trade secrets, Milgrim on Trade Secrets, Roger M. Milgrim, Matthew Bender; Trade Secrets Law, Melvin T. Jager, Clark Boardman Callaghan.