1. In paragraph 11.2 of the Decision on Implementation-Related Issues and Concerns (WT/MIN(01)/17), adopted in Doha on 14 November 2001, developed country Members reaffirmed their commitment to provide enterprises and institutions incentives to promote and encourage technology transfer to least-developed country Members ("LDCs"), pursuant to Article 66.2 of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement). In its Decision (IP/C/28) of 19 February 2003, the Council for Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (Council for TRIPS) agreed that developed country Members shall submit annually reports on actions taken or planned in pursuance of their commitments under Article 66.2 of the TRIPS Agreement. Furthermore, it was agreed that new detailed reports shall be delivered every third year and that updates shall be provided in the intervening years.
2. According to this obligation, and taking the Decision of the Council for TRIPS into account, Switzerland herewith submits its update to last year's report (IP/C/W/616/Add.2 of 14 October 2016). The report reflects all new relevant developments in Switzerland.
3. In 2015, Switzerland reviewed the content and format of its reports from previous years, also taking into account the comments made by LDCs at previous WTO workshops on Article 66.2 of the TRIPS Agreement. Further parameters of the standardised reporting format proposed by the LDC group (IP/C/W/561 of 6 October 2011) were implemented in Annex I.
4. Switzerland's understanding of "technology transfer" includes a broad set of processes covering the flows of know-how, experience and equipment amongst different stakeholders such as governments, private sector entities, financial institutions, NGOs and research/education institutions. Incentives and activities reported here belong to any of the following four key modes of technology transfer: (i) physical objects or equipment; (ii) skills and human aspects of technology management and learning; (iii) designs and blueprints which constitute the document-embodied knowledge on information and technology; and (iv) production arrangement linkages within which technology is operated, including the enabling environment for such transfer. Foreign direct investment, official development assistance (ODA; cf. para. 4.2 below), equity investment, or other instruments such as commercial lending, are all important channels through which technology transfer is financed. The present report is focused on technology transfer under ODA financing. Switzerland provides incentives in numerous sectors contributing to sustainable development in LDCs and believes that this assistance should be comprehensive and not be limited to certain areas.